The Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway is a key regulator of bone homeostasis. Sclerostin act as an extracellular inhibitor of canonical Wnt signaling through high-affinity binding to the Wnt co-receptor LRP5/6. Disruption of the interaction between LRP5/6 and sclerostin has been recognized as a therapeutic target for osteoporosis. We identified a quinoxaline moiety as a new small-molecule inhibitor of the LRP5/6-sclerostin interaction through pharmacophore-based virtual screening, docking simulations, and in vitro assays. Structure-activity relationship studies and binding mode hypotheses were used to optimize the scaffold and yield the compound BMD4503-2, which recovered the downregulated activity of the Wnt/β-catenin signaling pathway by competitive binding to the LRP5/6-sclerostin complex. Overall, this study showed that the optimized structure-based drug design was a promising approach for the development of small-molecule inhibitors of the LRP5/6-sclerostin interaction. A novel scaffold offered considerable insights into the structural basis for binding to LRP5/6 and disruption of the sclerostin-mediated inhibition of Wnt signaling.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Knowledge Economy through the Korea Research Institute of Chemical Technology ( SI-1105 , SI-1205 , SI-1304 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery
- Clinical Biochemistry
- Organic Chemistry