Simultaneous improvement in detection speed and reliability is critical for bioaerosol monitoring. Recent rapid detection strategies exhibit difficulties with misinterpretation due to signal interference from co-existing nonbiological particles, whereas biomolecular and bioluminescent approaches require long process times (>several tens of minutes) to generate readable values despite their better detection reliability. To overcome these shortcomings, we designed a system to achieve rapid reliable field detection of bioaerosols (>104 relative luminescence units [RLU] per cubic meter of air) in <3 min processing time (equivalent to 24 L sampling air volume) by employing a lysis droplet supply for efficient extraction of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) from particulate matter (PM) and a photomultiplier tube detector for signal amplification of ATP bioluminescence. We also suggested the use of the ratio of RLU (m−3) to total PM (μg m−3), or specific bioluminescence (RLU μg−1), as a measure of the biofraction of PM (i.e., potential biohazards). A correlation between RLU and colony forming unit was also obtained from simultaneous aerosol sampling using an agar-inserted sampler.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported from Bio Nano Health-Guard Research Center funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning (MSIP) of Korea as Global Frontier Project (Grant Number H-GUARD_2013M3A6B2078959 ). We also acknowledge the efforts of the members of Prof. Jeong Hoon Byeon’s Mechanical Engineering Project 2 (course 1393 in 2018) for the field tests and system preparation. Appendix A
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis