In situ pluripotency factor expression promotes functional recovery from cerebral ischemia

Jung Hwa Seo, Min Young Lee, Ji Hea Yu, Myung Sun Kim, Myungjae Song, Cheong Hoon Seo, Hyongbum Kim, Sung Rae Cho

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Abstract

Recovery from ischemic tissue injury can be promoted by cell proliferation and neovascularization. Transient expression of four pluripotency factors (Pou5f1, Sox2, Myc, and Klf4) has been used to convert cell types but never been tested as a means to promote functional recovery from ischemic injury. Here we aimed to determine whether transient in situ pluripotency factor expression can improve neurobehavioral function. Cerebral ischemia was induced by transient bilateral common carotid artery occlusion, after which the four pluripotency factors were expressed through either doxycycline administration into the lateral ventricle in transgenic mice in which the four factors are expressed in a doxycycline-inducible manner. Histologic evaluation showed that this transient expression induced the proliferative generation of astrocytes and/or neural progenitors, but not neurons or glial scar, and increased neovascularization with upregulation of angiogenic factors. Furthermore, in vivo pluripotency factor expression caused neuroprotective effects such as increased numbers of mature neurons and levels of synaptic markers in the striatum. Dysplasia or tumor development was not observed. Importantly, neurobehavioral evaluations such as rotarod and ladder walking tests showed that the expression of the four factors dramatically promoted functional restoration from ischemic injury. These results provide a basis for novel therapeutic modality development for cerebral ischemia.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1538-1549
Number of pages12
JournalMolecular Therapy
Volume24
Issue number9
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2016 Sep 1

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All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Genetics
  • Pharmacology
  • Drug Discovery

Cite this

Seo, J. H., Lee, M. Y., Yu, J. H., Kim, M. S., Song, M., Seo, C. H., Kim, H., & Cho, S. R. (2016). In situ pluripotency factor expression promotes functional recovery from cerebral ischemia. Molecular Therapy, 24(9), 1538-1549. https://doi.org/10.1038/mt.2016.124