Infections caused by resistant bacterial pathogens such as Citrobacter freundii, Enterobacter cloacae, Serratia marcescens and Pseudomonas aeruginosa have become an increasing problem with respect to therapy in large medical centres in Korea. The MICs of cefepime for aerobic Gram-negative bacilli isolated during 1991, mostly from in-patients in a hospital in Seoul, were determined by the agar dilution method and compared with those of several other antimicrobials. Of the agents tested, cefepime had the lowest MIC90s for C. freundii and E. cloacae (012 and 8 mg/L, respectively). The MIC90s of cefepime and amikacin (both 8 mg/L) were the lowest for S. marcescens. The MIC90s of cefepime, ceftazidime and doxycycline (all 32 mg/L) were the lowest for Acinetobacter anitratus. For P. aeruginosa, the MIC90 was relatively high (32 mg/L) but still the lowest of the antimicrobials tested. Of the cefotaxime-resistant E. cloacae isolates studied, only 7% were resistant to cefepime, while 100%, 96% and 89% were resistant to ceftazidime, ceftizoxime and cefuzonam, respectively. Similarly, only 6% of gentamicin-resistant isolates were resistant to cefepime, compared with 91%, 72%, 69% and 63% to ceftazidime, ceftizoxime, cefuzonam and cefotaxime, respectively. In conclusion, isolates from Korean patients are often resistant to several antimicrobial agents. However, based on the results of this study, cefepime may be very useful as treatment for patients with nosocomal infections caused by aerobic Gram-negative bacilli, including those which are resistant to most of the third-generation cephalosporins and gentamicin.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)