The in vitro inhibitory and bactericidal activity of echinomycin and its the novel synthetic analogues of echinomycin,YK2000 and YK2005, were evaluated using 93 clinical isolates of vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). In agar dilution tests, the MIC90 of echinomycin and YK2000 were 0.125 and 8 mg/l, respectively, using Mueller-Hinton II agar, while that of YK2005 was 32 mg/l. Bactericidal activity of echinomycin and YK2000 were two to four times higher than the MIC in time-kill assay experiments. These results suggest that echinomycin and its analogues might be useful as anti-VRE drugs.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Microbiology (medical)
- Infectious Diseases
- Pharmacology (medical)