In-vivo and in-vitro biocompatibility evaluations of silver nanoparticles with antimicrobial activity

Dong Wook Han, Yeon I. Woo, Mi Hee Lee, Jong Ho Lee, Jaebeom Lee, Jong Chul Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

18 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In this study, the biocompatibility and antimicrobial activity of silver nanoparticles (Ag NPs) were evaluated in vitro and in vivo. The cytotoxicity of Ag NPs (average diameter: 2-5 nm) against CHOK1 cells was determined via WST-8 assay, and their genotoxicity was examined via Salmonella typhimurium reverse mutation assay (Ames test). The acute toxicity and intracutaneous reactivity of Ag NPs were evaluated using animal models of mice and rabbits, respectively. The antibacterial effects of Ag NPs on the Gram (-) bacterial strains of Escherichia coli ATCC 8739 and Pseudomonas aeruginosa ATCC 9027 and on the Gram (+) bacterial strains of Staphylococcus aureus ATCC 6538p and Bacillus subtilius ATCC 6633 were determined by measuring the minimum inhibitory concentrations. The Ag NPs were highly cytotoxic to the L-929 cells at over 2 ppm but were non-cytotoxic at lower than 1 ppm. Moreover, the Ag NPs at 1 ppm or lower did not show genotoxicity, acute toxicity and intracutaneous reactivity. It was also found that the Ag NPs exerted effective antimicrobial activities on both the Gram (-) and (+) bacterial strains within the range from 0.06 to 0.98 ppm for 50% MIC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)5205-5209
Number of pages5
JournalJournal of Nanoscience and Nanotechnology
Volume12
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Jul 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemistry(all)
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics

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