Inactivation characteristics of ozone and electrolysis process for ballast water treatment using B. subtilis spores as a probe

Youmi Jung, Yeojoon Yoon, Eunkyung Hong, Minhwan Kwon, Joon Wun Kang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

17 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Since ballast water affects the ocean ecosystem, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) sets a standard for ballast water management and might impose much tighter regulations in the future. The aim of this study is to evaluate the inactivation efficiency of ozonation, electrolysis, and an ozonation-electrolysis combined process, using B. subtilis spores. In seawater ozonation, HOBr is the key active substance for inactivation, because of rapid reactivity of ozone with Br- in seawater. In seawater electrolysis, it is also HOBr, but not HOCl, because of the rapid reaction of HOCl with Br-, which has not been recognized carefully, even though many electrolysis technologies have been approved by the IMO. Inactivation pattern was different in ozonation and electrolysis, which has some limitations with the tailing or lag-phase, respectively. However, each deficiency can be overcome with a combined process, which is most effective as a sequential application of ozonation followed by electrolysis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)71-79
Number of pages9
JournalMarine Pollution Bulletin
Volume72
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2013 Jul 15

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Oceanography
  • Aquatic Science
  • Pollution

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