Rice husk is a by-product of rice milling process, and a great resource as a raw biomass material for manufacturing value-added composite products. One of the potential applications is to use rice husk as filler for manufacturing gypsum-rice husk boards for wall and ceiling materials for construction. We investigated the effect of rice husk, addition on selected physico-mechanical properties, total volatile organic compound (TVOC), and incombustibility, on the gypsum board. With increasing rice husk contents, water and moisture absorption was decreased. Because of the replacement of pore between gypsum particles by rice husk, the moisture absorption was decreased as rice husk adding contents. By rice husk adding, MOR of the gypsum-rice husk boards were increased up to 9.8 MPa at 30 wt%. However, MOR was decreased more than 40 wt% of adding contents. The modulus of elasticity (MOE) showed similar behavior with MOR. However, internal bonding strength (IB) was slightly increased as rice husk adding contents up to 20 wt%, 0.5 MPa and decreased over 20 wt%. The incombustibility of the gypsum-rice husk boards decreased on increasing the rice husk adding content. However, up to 30 wt% of rice husk adding contents board samples was of incombustibility first class. Gypsum particle can be replaced up to 30 wt% by rice husk with incombustibility first class for housing materials. In all cases, TVOC emission factor and formaldehyde emission remained under the 'Excellent' grade as defined by Korean Air Clean Association (KACA).
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by Soongsil University Research Fund.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Agronomy and Crop Science