Objectives: In this study, we evaluated the occurrence of proteinuria in living kidney donors during the immediate postdonation period, aiming to determine its clinical significance in renal function recovery. Patients and methods: We enrolled living kidney donors with predonation protein excretion rate (PER) < 150 mg/24 h. Participants were divided into 2 groups according to immediate postdonation PER (4 days after nephrectomy): non-microproteinuria (non-mPr; PER < 150 mg/24 h), n = 244; and immediate postdonation microproteinuria (ImPr; PER ≥ 150 mg/24 h), n = 605. Results: Estimated glomerular filtration rate (eGFR) did not differ significantly between groups immediately after nephrectomy but was consistently lower in the ImPr group 1 week to 1 year postdonation (1-year postdonation eGFR: ImPr group, 63.6 ± 12.1 mL/min/1.73 m2; non-mPr group, 68.6 ± 12.3 mL/min/1.73 m2; P = .001). Immediate postdonation microproteinuria was an independent predictor of eGFR at 1 year postdonation (β [standard error] = -2.68 [1.15], 95% confidence interval -4.94 to -0.42, P = .02), along with predonation eGFR, age, and sex. Immediate postdonation microproteinuria was more common in donors who were older or male and occurred in 71.3% of kidney donors, suggesting renal injury in this period. Conclusions: Although proteinuria generally resolves, its impact persists and can impair renal function recovery. Donors who are older and male are more likely to undergo immediate hyperfiltration after donation.
|Number of pages||6|
|Publication status||Published - 2019 Oct|
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