Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the dialysate MCP-1 (dMCP-1) and systemic inflammatory and nutritional markers in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. In addition, we examined the prognostic value of dMCP-1 on all-cause or cardiovascular mortality in these patients. Methods: We prospectively followed 169 prevalent PD patients from April 1st 2008 to December 31st 2012. At baseline, dMCP-1 and serum biochemical parameters including high sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) and albumin were checked. All-cause mortality and cause of death were evaluated during the follow-up period. Based on the median level of dMCP-1, patients were classified as either low or high dMCP-1 groups. Results: Mean age, hs-CRP, and D/Pcr ratio at 4 h were significantly higher, while serum albumin levels and %lean body mass (LBM) were significantly lower in the high dMCP-1 group. During the mean follow-up period of 47.7 months, all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality rate were significantly higher in the high dMCP-1 group (9.6 and 6.3 per 100 person-years, respectively) compared to the low dMCP-1 group (5.1 and 3.1 per 100 person-years, respectively; p = 0.021, 0.038). In multivariate Cox analysis, high dMCP-1 was a significant independent predictor of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 1.83, 95% confidence interval: 1.03-3.24, p = 0.039). Conclusions: dMCP-1 levels are closely correlated with nutritional and systemic inflammatory markers in PD patients. In addition, increased dMCP-1 is significantly associated with higher all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. These findings suggest that local peritoneal inflammation could contribute to poor clinical outcomes in PD patients.
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