Increased dialysate MCP-1 is associated with cardiovascular mortality in peritoneal dialysis patients: A prospective observational study

Kwang Il Ko, Kyoung Sook Park, Mi Jung Lee, Fa Mee Doh, Chan Ho Kim, Hyang Mo Koo, Hyung Jung Oh, Jung Tak Park, Seung Hyeok Han, Shin Wook Kang, Tae Hyun Yoo

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4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to investigate the association between the dialysate MCP-1 (dMCP-1) and systemic inflammatory and nutritional markers in peritoneal dialysis (PD) patients. In addition, we examined the prognostic value of dMCP-1 on all-cause or cardiovascular mortality in these patients. Methods: We prospectively followed 169 prevalent PD patients from April 1st 2008 to December 31st 2012. At baseline, dMCP-1 and serum biochemical parameters including high sensitivity CRP (hs-CRP) and albumin were checked. All-cause mortality and cause of death were evaluated during the follow-up period. Based on the median level of dMCP-1, patients were classified as either low or high dMCP-1 groups. Results: Mean age, hs-CRP, and D/Pcr ratio at 4 h were significantly higher, while serum albumin levels and %lean body mass (LBM) were significantly lower in the high dMCP-1 group. During the mean follow-up period of 47.7 months, all-cause mortality and cardiovascular mortality rate were significantly higher in the high dMCP-1 group (9.6 and 6.3 per 100 person-years, respectively) compared to the low dMCP-1 group (5.1 and 3.1 per 100 person-years, respectively; p = 0.021, 0.038). In multivariate Cox analysis, high dMCP-1 was a significant independent predictor of all-cause mortality (hazard ratio: 1.83, 95% confidence interval: 1.03-3.24, p = 0.039). Conclusions: dMCP-1 levels are closely correlated with nutritional and systemic inflammatory markers in PD patients. In addition, increased dMCP-1 is significantly associated with higher all-cause and cardiovascular mortality. These findings suggest that local peritoneal inflammation could contribute to poor clinical outcomes in PD patients.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)291-299
Number of pages9
JournalAmerican Journal of Nephrology
Volume40
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 May 22

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nephrology

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