Increased expression of intracellular HLA-DM but not on the surface of blood monocyte-derived dendritic cells during maturation

Jin Moon Kang, Han Gil Chung, Sang Joon Oh, Seung Yong Song, Tae Hyung Lee, Min Geol Lee

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Cutaneous dendritic cells (DCs), Langerhans cells (LCs) and dermal dendritic cells (DDCs), are present in an immature state. The maturation of DCs is crucial for initiating an immune response. Since HLA-DM has an important role for antigen presentation, an increase in HLA-DM expression according to the maturation of blood monocyte-derived dendritic cells (MoDCs), which have similar characteristics with DDCs, is expected. Therefore, the aim of this study was to determine whether or not HLA-DM expression in MoDCs is related to maturation at each culture day (from day 0 to day 13) by flow cytometry. This was compared with the functional changes related to the maturation of MoDCs. MoDCs were generated by culturing human peripheral blood monocytes in the presence of GM-CSF and IL-4 for 7 days, which were followed by subsequent treatment with a cytokine cocktail (GM-CSF, IL-4, IL-1 β, TNF- a, IL-6 and PGE2) for the maturation of MoDCs. The intracellular HLA-DM was expressed in the immature MoDC. A sudden 3 to 8 fold increase in the intracellular HLA-DM expression was observed after treatment with a cytokine cocktail. HLA-DM was weakly expressed on the surface of the immature MoDC, but it seemed to be decreased with maturation. This study indicated that the intracellular HLA-DM expression increased, but not on the MoDC surface during maturation. This was despite the fact that HLA-DM expression was noted not only on the surface but also in the intracellular in the MoDC.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)293-298
Number of pages6
JournalYonsei medical journal
Issue number2
Publication statusPublished - 2003 Apr 30


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine(all)

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