Phospholipase D1 (PLD1) expression in the sciatic nerve was studied in induced experimental autoimmune neuritis (EAN) in Lewis rats. PLD1 immunoreactivity was seen in some Schwann cells in the sciatic nerves of normal rats. In parallel with the progression of EAN, PLD1-positive Schwann cells significantly increased in number and showed intense immunoreactivity. PLD1 was also detected in some ED1+ macrophages in EAN lesions. These results suggest that PLD1 in macrophages and Schwann cells plays an important role in the activation of these cells in the pathogenesis of EAN, an animal model of human peripheral demyelinating disease.
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