The association between psoriasis and risk of atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease has not been thoroughly evaluated in a large longitudinal cohort of an Asian population. We conducted a nationwide population-based retrospective cohort study encompassing more than 1.7 million Koreans with a 15-year follow-up period. The period prevalence of psoriasis was 0.33% among the baseline participants (1997–2000). In Cox proportional hazard analyses, the individuals with psoriasis had a higher adjusted hazard ratio (HR) for incidence of overall atherosclerotic cardiovascular disease (HR, 1.18; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.09–1.27) compared with controls. Subgroup analyses revealed that the risk for myocardial infarction was commonly increased in both sexes with moderate to severe psoriasis (male: HR, 2.09; 95% CI, 1.35–3.24; female: HR, 3.23; 95% CI, 1.34–7.76), whereas the risk for ischemic stroke was specifically increased in female individuals with moderate to severe psoriasis (HR, 2.02; 95% CI, 1.24–3.30). Our data suggest that appropriate medical screening for possible cardiovascular comorbidities is warranted in Asian psoriatic patients according to disease severity and sex.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI) funded by the Ministry of Health and Welfare (no.?HI14C2686 to S.?H.?J. and HI17C1659 to M.?G.?L.), by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Education (no.?NRF-2016R1A6A3A11933465 to K.?J.?J. and NRF-2017R1D1A1B03035571 to T.?G.?K), and by the NRF grant funded by the Korean Government (Ministry of Science and ICT (no.?NRF-2018R1A2B6007818 to M.?G.?L.).
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