To investigate differences in the prevalence of open-angle glaucoma (OAG) between different pulmonary function types. A population-based, cross-sectional analysis was conducted using Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveys from 2008 to 2011. A total of 8941 subjects ≥ 40 years of age were analyzed. Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) was defined as the ratio between first second of forced expiration (FEV1) and forced vital capacity (FVC) below 70%. The prevalence of glaucoma, as defined by the International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology, was the main outcome. OAG was more prevalent in women with COPD (8.0% vs. 4.8% normal, P = 0.001) compared to women with normal pulmonary function. Intraocular pressure (IOP) of women with COPD were 13.3 (0.2) mmHg (13.9 (0.1) mmHg for normal function, P = 0.182). Never-smokers were more prevalent in women with COPD and glaucoma (92.9% vs. 52.4% normal function; P < 0.001). COPD was found to increase the risk of glaucoma in women (OR 2.077, P = 0.017) and even further in non-smoking women (OR 2.711, P = 0.003). Women with COPD showed a higher glaucoma prevalence despite similar IOP in comparison to women with normal pulmonary function. Non-smoking COPD is significantly associated with open-angle glaucoma in women.
|Publication status||Published - 2022 Dec|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (No. NRF-2019 R1A2C1091089). The funding organization had no role in the design or conducting of this research. None of the authors have any commercial or proprietary interests in any of the instruments or materials described in this study.
© 2022, The Author(s).
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