Incremental Delta-Sigma ADCs: A Tutorial Review

Zhichao Tan, Chia Hung Chen, Youngcheol Chae, Gabor C. Temes

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

17 Citations (Scopus)


In many sensor applications, a high-resolution analog-to-digital converter (ADC) is a key block. The use of an incremental delta-sigma ADC (IADC) is often well suited for such applications. While the energy-efficiency of IADCs has improved by several orders of magnitude over the past decade, the implementation of high performance IADCs, especially in battery-powered systems, is still challenging. This paper presents a tutorial review on energy-efficient IADCs and addresses the progress in this area. This paper describes the fundamentals of IADCs and energy-efficient hybrid IADC architectures. Various design techniques for improving the energy-efficiency of the IADCs are described. This paper is intended to serve as a starting point for the development of a new energy-efficient IADC.

Original languageEnglish
Article number9264222
Pages (from-to)4161-4173
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Circuits and Systems I: Regular Papers
Issue number12
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Dec

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Manuscript received May 31, 2020; revised September 29, 2020; accepted October 21, 2020. Date of current version December 1, 2020. This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan. (Contract ID: MOST 108-2218-E-009-034-MY3). This article was recommended by Associate Editor J. Yin. (Corresponding author: Chia-Hung Chen.) Zhichao Tan is with the Department of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310058, China. Chia-Hung Chen is with the Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, National Chiao Tung University, Hsinchu 300, Taiwan (e-mail: Youngcheol Chae is with the Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Yonsei University, Seoul 03722, South Korea. Gabor C. Temes is with the School of Electrical Engineering and Computer Science, Oregon State University, Corvallis, OR 97331 USA. Color versions of one or more of the figures in this article are available online at Digital Object Identifier 10.1109/TCSI.2020.3033458

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST), Taiwan. (Contract ID: MOST 108-2218-E-009-034-MY3).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2004-2012 IEEE.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Hardware and Architecture
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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