Incremental Treatment Costs Attributable to Overweight and Obesity in Patients with Diabetes: Quantile Regression Approach

Seung Mi Lee, In Sun Choi, Euna Han, David Suh, Eun Kyung Shin, Seyunghe Je, Sung Su Lee, Dong Churl Suh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)


Objective: This study aimed to estimate treatment costs attributable to overweight and obesity in patients with diabetes who were less than 65 years of age in the United States. Methods: This study used data from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey from 2001 to 2013. Patients with diabetes were identified by using the International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification code (250), clinical classification codes (049 and 050), or self-reported physician diagnoses. Total treatment costs attributable to overweight and obesity were calculated as the differences in the adjusted costs compared with individuals with diabetes and normal weight. Adjusted costs were estimated by using generalized linear models or unconditional quantile regression models. Results: The mean annual treatment costs attributable to obesity were $1,852 higher than those attributable to normal weight, while costs attributable to overweight were $133 higher. The unconditional quantile regression results indicated that the impact of obesity on total treatment costs gradually became more significant as treatment costs approached the upper quantile. Conclusions: Among patients with diabetes who were less than 65 years of age, patients with diabetes and obesity have significantly higher treatment costs than patients with diabetes and normal weight. The economic burden of diabetes to society will continue to increase unless more proactive preventive measures are taken to effectively treat patients with overweight or obesity.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)223-232
Number of pages10
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - 2018 Jan


All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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