Independent prediction of naphthalene transport and biodegradation in soil with a mathematical model

Ik Sung Ahn, William C. Ghiorse, Leonard W. Lion, Michael L. Shuler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

10 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Experiments were performed to test the ability of a mathematical model to predict naphthalene transport and biodegradation. Pseudomonas putida G7, a model bacterial strain capable of degrading naphthalene, was added to a column packed with the soil that had been pre-equilibrated with naphthalene. Model prediction for transport and degradation were based on predetermined parameters that described naphthalene desorption kinetics and the utilization of naphthalene by the test bacterium. However, initial prediction for naphthalene biodegradation was high, and the formation of cell aggregates is advanced as a plausible explanation. Access of substrate to cells in the interior of an aggregate would be restricted. When the numerical simulation was conducted with a factor to account for cell aggregation, it successfully described the experimental data. Thus, with a single adjustable parameter (an average effectiveness factor), the model predicted macroscopic responses of naphthalene in soil-columns where naphthalene was subject to transport and biodegradation.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)65-75
Number of pages11
JournalBiotechnology and Bioengineering
Volume65
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1999 Oct 5

Fingerprint

Naphthalene
Biodegradation
Theoretical Models
Soil
Mathematical models
Soils
Cell Aggregation
Pseudomonas putida
naphthalene
Desorption
Bacteria
Agglomeration
Cells
Degradation
Kinetics
Computer simulation
Substrates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology

Cite this

Ahn, Ik Sung ; Ghiorse, William C. ; Lion, Leonard W. ; Shuler, Michael L. / Independent prediction of naphthalene transport and biodegradation in soil with a mathematical model. In: Biotechnology and Bioengineering. 1999 ; Vol. 65, No. 1. pp. 65-75.
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Independent prediction of naphthalene transport and biodegradation in soil with a mathematical model. / Ahn, Ik Sung; Ghiorse, William C.; Lion, Leonard W.; Shuler, Michael L.

In: Biotechnology and Bioengineering, Vol. 65, No. 1, 05.10.1999, p. 65-75.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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