Background: Regulation of tumor microenvironment is closely involved in the prognosis of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO) is an enzyme acting as immune modulator through suppression of T-cell immunity. This study aims to investigate role of IDO in the microenvironment of HL.Methods: A total of 121 cases of HL were enrolled to do immunohistochemistry for IDO, CD163, CD68, CD4, CD8, and FoxP3. Positivity was evaluated from area fractions or numbers of positive cells using automated image analyzer. Correlations between IDO expression and various cellular infiltrates and clinicopathologic parameters were examined and survival analyses were performed.Results: IDO was expressed in histiocytes, dendritic cells and some endothelial cells with variable degrees, but not in tumor cells. IDO positive cells were more frequently found in mixed cellularity type than other histologic types, and in cases with EBV+, high Ann Arbor stages, B symptoms, and high IPS (all p < 0.05). High IDO expression was associated with inferior survival (p < 0.001) and reflects an independent prognostic factor in nodular sclerosis HL.Conclusions: This is the first study suggesting that IDO is the principle immunomodulator and is involved to adverse clinical outcomes of HL.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This study was supported by the National R&D Program for Cancer Control, Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (12202201–31204). This paper was presented in part at 18th Congress of European Association of Hematology (EHA), Stockholm, Sweden, June 2013.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research