Biochar, also named biocarbon, is a solid particulate material produced from the thermal decomposition of biomass at moderate temperatures. It has progressively become the topic of scientific interest in energy storage and conversion applications due to its affordability, environment friendliness, and structural tunability. In this study, biochar (obtained 600 °C pyrolysis) was introduced as phase change materials (PCMs) support. Three different n-alkanes (such as dodecane, tetradecane, and octadecane) are used as PCMs. The PCMs were infiltrated in the biochar network via the vacuum impregnation method. Among the biochar/n-alkane composites, one from octadecane exhibited a high latent heat storage capacity of 91.5 kJ/kg, 15.7 % and 25.9 % higher than that of dodecane and tetradecane-based composites, respectively. The molecular length of the PCMs and intermolecular interaction between the functional groups play an imperative role. The infiltration ratio of PCM in the biochar reached 50.1 % with improved thermal stability and chemical compatibility. This is attributed to the favorable morphological and structural properties (e.g., large BET surface area and mesopore structure) of the biochar that resides the n-alkanes found in the nanosized chain length. Hence, this report will lay a foundation for the application of biochars in thermal energy management systems.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government (MSIT) (No. 2019R1A2C4100284 ).
© 2020 Elsevier B.V.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Environmental Engineering
- Environmental Chemistry
- Waste Management and Disposal
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis