Influence of continental margin on regional seismic wavefield

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

Regional seismic analysis is an only way to investigate the source properties of small or moderate-sized seismic events that occur in physically unaccessible regions such as oceanic regions and politically-prohibited regions. The ground motions by earthquakes need to be understood for better mitigation of seismic hazards particularly in continental margins that often incorporate high seismicity. It has not been fully understood how seismic waves interact with complex crustal structures in continental margins. Responses of regional waves to complex crustal structures need to be quantified. Analysis of regional waveforms from controlled sources is desirable for investigation of influence of crustal structures. The influence of continental margin around the Korean Peninsula is investigated in terms of spectral contents, horizontal-to-vertical (H/V) spectral ratios and quality factors using regional waveforms for the 2009 North Korean underground nuclear explosion test that was well recorded by stations in the southern Korean Peninsula. Regional waveforms and spectral amplitudes vary significantly by path. Spectral contents of regional phases are different among stations in common great-circle directions. All regional phases modulate highly in continental margins. Path-dependent seismic attenuation is strong in low frequencies (≤. 3. Hz), and weak in high frequencies (>. 3. Hz). Continental margins cause directional energy partition of regional waves depending on the path. Regional waves attenuate highly in passage across continental margin, and then regrow on continental paths. The growth rate is stronger than inherent attenuation rate, causing seismic amplification. The shapes of H/V ratios are similar among various regional phases at common stations. On the other hand, the H/V ratios for common phases vary by station in the same azimuths. Characteristic differences in H/V ratios between two horizontal components suggest directional partition of seismic energy by crustal structures in the paths.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)141-158
Number of pages18
JournalTectonophysics
Volume627
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Jul 13

Fingerprint

continental shelves
continental margin
crustal structure
stations
waveforms
peninsulas
partitions
attenuation
underground explosions
great circles
nuclear explosions
seismic attenuation
seismic energy
nuclear explosion
seismic waves
seismic hazard
azimuth
seismic wave
ground motion
hazards

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Geophysics
  • Earth-Surface Processes

Cite this

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abstract = "Regional seismic analysis is an only way to investigate the source properties of small or moderate-sized seismic events that occur in physically unaccessible regions such as oceanic regions and politically-prohibited regions. The ground motions by earthquakes need to be understood for better mitigation of seismic hazards particularly in continental margins that often incorporate high seismicity. It has not been fully understood how seismic waves interact with complex crustal structures in continental margins. Responses of regional waves to complex crustal structures need to be quantified. Analysis of regional waveforms from controlled sources is desirable for investigation of influence of crustal structures. The influence of continental margin around the Korean Peninsula is investigated in terms of spectral contents, horizontal-to-vertical (H/V) spectral ratios and quality factors using regional waveforms for the 2009 North Korean underground nuclear explosion test that was well recorded by stations in the southern Korean Peninsula. Regional waveforms and spectral amplitudes vary significantly by path. Spectral contents of regional phases are different among stations in common great-circle directions. All regional phases modulate highly in continental margins. Path-dependent seismic attenuation is strong in low frequencies (≤. 3. Hz), and weak in high frequencies (>. 3. Hz). Continental margins cause directional energy partition of regional waves depending on the path. Regional waves attenuate highly in passage across continental margin, and then regrow on continental paths. The growth rate is stronger than inherent attenuation rate, causing seismic amplification. The shapes of H/V ratios are similar among various regional phases at common stations. On the other hand, the H/V ratios for common phases vary by station in the same azimuths. Characteristic differences in H/V ratios between two horizontal components suggest directional partition of seismic energy by crustal structures in the paths.",
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Influence of continental margin on regional seismic wavefield. / Hong, Tae-Kyung.

In: Tectonophysics, Vol. 627, 13.07.2014, p. 141-158.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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AU - Hong, Tae-Kyung

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AB - Regional seismic analysis is an only way to investigate the source properties of small or moderate-sized seismic events that occur in physically unaccessible regions such as oceanic regions and politically-prohibited regions. The ground motions by earthquakes need to be understood for better mitigation of seismic hazards particularly in continental margins that often incorporate high seismicity. It has not been fully understood how seismic waves interact with complex crustal structures in continental margins. Responses of regional waves to complex crustal structures need to be quantified. Analysis of regional waveforms from controlled sources is desirable for investigation of influence of crustal structures. The influence of continental margin around the Korean Peninsula is investigated in terms of spectral contents, horizontal-to-vertical (H/V) spectral ratios and quality factors using regional waveforms for the 2009 North Korean underground nuclear explosion test that was well recorded by stations in the southern Korean Peninsula. Regional waveforms and spectral amplitudes vary significantly by path. Spectral contents of regional phases are different among stations in common great-circle directions. All regional phases modulate highly in continental margins. Path-dependent seismic attenuation is strong in low frequencies (≤. 3. Hz), and weak in high frequencies (>. 3. Hz). Continental margins cause directional energy partition of regional waves depending on the path. Regional waves attenuate highly in passage across continental margin, and then regrow on continental paths. The growth rate is stronger than inherent attenuation rate, causing seismic amplification. The shapes of H/V ratios are similar among various regional phases at common stations. On the other hand, the H/V ratios for common phases vary by station in the same azimuths. Characteristic differences in H/V ratios between two horizontal components suggest directional partition of seismic energy by crustal structures in the paths.

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