Influence of design and installation of emergency exit signs on evacuation speed

Gyu Yeob Jeon, Wook Jeong Na, Won Hwa Hong, Jin Kook Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Emergency exit signs have an important role in the fire safety of buildings. Exit signs help evacuees rapidly escape fire by following the fastest and safest escape routes immediately after the detection of fire. In other words, evacuation can greatly vary according to environmental factors regarding evacuation within the building. In this study, change in the evacuation speed by exit signs and environmental conditions was analyzed through experiments with 138 subjects. Four environmental factors in the experiment are visibility, distance between exit sign and evacuees, spatial configuration, and size and brightness of exit sign. In conclusion, changes in the spatial conditions around exit signs influenced the evacuation speeds of the subjects in poor visibility, and the changes in physical conditions of exit signs exerted more influence when the visibility was relatively better.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 4

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korean government [16AUDP-B100356-02];Jeju National University [2019 Scientific Program];National Research Foundation of Korea [NRF-2018R1A6A3A01012605].

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korean government [16AUDP-B100356-02];Jeju National University [2019 Scientific Program];National Research Foundation of Korea [NRF-2018R1A6A3A01012605]. This research was supported by the Architecture & Urban Research Program funded by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korean government (Grant Number: 16AUDP-B100356-02), and by the 2019 Scientific Program funded by Jeju National University, and also by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government(NRF-2018R1A6A3A01012605).

Funding Information:
This research was supported by the Architecture & Urban Research Program funded by Ministry of Land, Infrastructure and Transport of Korean government (Grant Number: 16AUDP-B100356-02), and by the 2019 Scientific Program funded by Jeju National University, and also by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korea government(NRF-2018R1A6A3A01012605).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2019, © 2019 The Author(s). Published by Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group on behalf of the Architectural Institute of Japan, Architectural Institute of Korea and Architectural Society of China.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Cultural Studies
  • Building and Construction
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

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