Influence of design and installation of emergency exit signs on evacuation speed

Gyu Yeob Jeon, Wook Jeong Na, Won Hwa Hong, Jin Kook Lee

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Emergency exit signs have an important role in the fire safety of buildings. Exit signs help evacuees rapidly escape fire by following the fastest and safest escape routes immediately after the detection of fire. In other words, evacuation can greatly vary according to environmental factors regarding evacuation within the building. In this study, change in the evacuation speed by exit signs and environmental conditions was analyzed through experiments with 138 subjects. Four environmental factors in the experiment are visibility, distance between exit sign and evacuees, spatial configuration, and size and brightness of exit sign. In conclusion, changes in the spatial conditions around exit signs influenced the evacuation speeds of the subjects in poor visibility, and the changes in physical conditions of exit signs exerted more influence when the visibility was relatively better.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)107-114
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering
Volume18
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Mar 4

Fingerprint

Visibility
Fires
environmental factors
Luminance
Experiments
experiment
Emergency
Exit
building

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Civil and Structural Engineering
  • Architecture
  • Cultural Studies
  • Building and Construction
  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)

Cite this

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abstract = "Emergency exit signs have an important role in the fire safety of buildings. Exit signs help evacuees rapidly escape fire by following the fastest and safest escape routes immediately after the detection of fire. In other words, evacuation can greatly vary according to environmental factors regarding evacuation within the building. In this study, change in the evacuation speed by exit signs and environmental conditions was analyzed through experiments with 138 subjects. Four environmental factors in the experiment are visibility, distance between exit sign and evacuees, spatial configuration, and size and brightness of exit sign. In conclusion, changes in the spatial conditions around exit signs influenced the evacuation speeds of the subjects in poor visibility, and the changes in physical conditions of exit signs exerted more influence when the visibility was relatively better.",
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Influence of design and installation of emergency exit signs on evacuation speed. / Jeon, Gyu Yeob; Na, Wook Jeong; Hong, Won Hwa; Lee, Jin Kook.

In: Journal of Asian Architecture and Building Engineering, Vol. 18, No. 2, 04.03.2019, p. 107-114.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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