Purpose To evaluate the relationship between comorbidities, medical cost, and surgical outcome in patients with lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS) and diabetes mellitus (DM). Methods Data on patients with LSS (n = 14,298) were collected from the Korean National Health Insurance Service database from 2005 to 2007. After 8 years of follow-up, a “DM group” (n = 3,478) and a “non-DM group” (n = 10,820) were compared according to outcome measures. Cox proportional hazard regressions were performed to examine the relationship between DM, hypertension (HTN), cardiovascular disease (CVD), chronic kidney disease (CKD), cerebrovascular disease (CbVD), and surgery for LSS. The admission rate and medical cost as well asthe overall survival rate for those who underwent lumbar surgery were also assessed among patients with DM and LSS. Results Mortality was about 1.35 times higher in the DM group than in the non-DM group. Patients with DM and comorbidities including HTN (hazard ratio [HR], 1.40; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.25–1.56; p<0.001), CVD (HR, 1.53; 95% CI, 1.36–1.73; p<0.001), CKD (HR, 3.18; 95% CI, 2.7–3.76; p<0.001), and CbVD (HR, 1.69; 95% CI, 1.49–1.91; p<0.001) showed an increased risk of mortality. The mean hospitalization time and average medical cost of patients with DM who underwent lumbar surgery were 60.8 days, and 7,127 USD, respectively. This was 31.3 days longer, and 6,207 USD higher, respectively, than those of patients with DM who underwent conservative treatment for LSS. Within the DM group, the survival rate of surgical management of LSS had a significant tendency for positive prognosis compared with those administered conservative treatment (p = 0.046). Conclusions In patients with LSS, DM was associated both with poor prognosis (most significantly in those with CKD), and increased medical cost in those who underwent surgery. Nevertheless, surgical treatment for LSS in patients with DM was related to favorable prognosis compared with conservative treatment.
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© 2019 Lee et al. This is an open access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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