The influence of growth parameters on the fermentative production of a nisin-like bacteriocin by Lactococcus lactis subsp. lactis A164 isolated from kimchi was studied. The bacteriocin production was greatly affected by carbon and nitrogen sources. Strain A164 produced at least 4-fold greater bacteriocin in M17 broth supplemented with lactose than other carbon sources. The amount of 3% yeast extract was found to be the optimal organic nitrogen source. While the maximum biomass was obtained at 37°C, the optimal temperature for the bacteriocin production was 30°C. The bacteriocin production was also affected by pH of the culture broth. The optimal pH for growth and bacteriocin production was 6.0. Although the cell growth at pH 6.0 was nearly the same level at pH 5.5 and 6.5, the greater bacteriocin activity was observed at pH 6.0. Exponential growth took place only during an initial period of the cultivation, and then linear growth was observed. Linear growth rates increased from 0.160 gDCWl-1h-1 to 0.245 gDCWl-1h-1 with increases in lactose concentrations from 0.5 to 3.0%. Maximum biomass was also increased from 1.88 gDCWl-1 to 4.29 gDCWl-1. However, increase in lactose concentration did not prolong the active growth phase. After 20 h cultivation, cell growth stopped regardless of lactose concentration. Production of the bacteriocin showed primary metabolic kinetics. However, bacteriocin yield based on cell mass increased greatly during the late growth phase. A maximum activity of 131×103 AUml-1 was obtained at early stationary growth phase (20 h) during the batch fermentation in M17L broth (3.0% lactose) at 30°C and pH 6.0.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology