An experimental investigation is conducted to improve a slot film cooling system used for the cooling of a gas turbine combustor liner. The tangential slots are constructed of discrete holes with different injection types which are the parallel, vertical, and combined to the slot lip. The investigation is focused on the coolant supply systems of normal, inline, and counter-flow paths to the mainstream flow direction. A naphthalene sublimation technique has been employed to measure the local heat/mass transfer coefficients in a slot wall with various injection types and coolant feeding directions. A numerical simulation is also conducted to help understand the flow patterns inside the slot for different injection types. The velocity distributions at the exit of slot lip for the parallel and vertical injection types are fairly uniform with mild periodical patterns with respect to the injection hole positions. However, the combined injection type increases the nonuniformity of flow distribution with the period equaling twice that of hole-to-hole pitch due to splitting and merging of the ejected flows. The dimensionless temperature distributions at the slot exits differ little with blowing rates, injection types, and secondary flow conditions. In the results of heat/mass transfer measurements, the best cooling performance inside the slot is obtained with the vertical injection type among the three different injection types due to the effects of jet impingement. The lateral distributions of heat/mass transfer coefficients with the inline and counter-flow paths are more uniform than the normal-flow path. The average heat/mass transfer coefficients with the injection holes are about two to five times higher than that of a smooth two-dimensional slot path.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Mechanical Engineering