Influence of Mg doping on the structural, morphological, optical, thermal, and visible-light responsive antibacterial properties of ZnO nanoparticles synthesized via co-precipitation

Gopinath Kasi, Jongchul Seo

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6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Mg-doped zinc oxide (Zn 1-x Mg x O, where x = 0.000, 0.001, 0.003, 0.005, and 0.010 M) nanoparticles (MgZnO NPs) were synthesized via a co-precipitation method and subjected to various analyses for application as functional additives in food packaging. The MgZnO NPs were successfully formed at approximately 360 °C and showed an increase in the optical band gap with respect to the increase in the concentration of Mg doping. The X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy analyses of MgZnO NPs confirmed the formation of hexagonal wurtzite structure and rod-like morphology. X-ray photoelectron spectra revealed that the Mg (1s) peaks centered at 1303.35 and 1303.38 eV were ascribed to the presence of Mg 2+ replacing Zn 2+ . Transmission electron microscopy images showed rod shapes with the length of 208–650 nm and width of 84–142 nm. Various concentrations of synthesized MgZnO NPs were investigated against a gram-negative (Escherichia coli - DH5α) bacterial strain under light and dark conditions. Among the studied samples, 0.010 M MgZnO NPs of concentration 3 mg/mL showed the best antibacterial activity under the light condition. MgZnO NPs revealed uneven ridges on the outer surface, which promote the diffusion ability of Zn 2+ and increased production of reactive oxygen species, and consequently lead to bacterial lysis. Furthermore, this study demonstrates excellent feasibility for the application of MgZnO NPs as fillers with good antibacterial activity, especially in antimicrobial food packaging applications.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)717-725
Number of pages9
JournalMaterials Science and Engineering C
Volume98
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 May

Fingerprint

Coprecipitation
Doping (additives)
Nanoparticles
food
packaging
nanoparticles
Packaging
rods
Zinc Oxide
Optical band gaps
Escherichia
Photoelectrons
Zinc oxide
fillers
wurtzite
zinc oxides
Escherichia coli
Fillers
ridges
Reactive Oxygen Species

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Materials Science(all)
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Mechanical Engineering

Cite this

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title = "Influence of Mg doping on the structural, morphological, optical, thermal, and visible-light responsive antibacterial properties of ZnO nanoparticles synthesized via co-precipitation",
abstract = "Mg-doped zinc oxide (Zn 1-x Mg x O, where x = 0.000, 0.001, 0.003, 0.005, and 0.010 M) nanoparticles (MgZnO NPs) were synthesized via a co-precipitation method and subjected to various analyses for application as functional additives in food packaging. The MgZnO NPs were successfully formed at approximately 360 °C and showed an increase in the optical band gap with respect to the increase in the concentration of Mg doping. The X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy analyses of MgZnO NPs confirmed the formation of hexagonal wurtzite structure and rod-like morphology. X-ray photoelectron spectra revealed that the Mg (1s) peaks centered at 1303.35 and 1303.38 eV were ascribed to the presence of Mg 2+ replacing Zn 2+ . Transmission electron microscopy images showed rod shapes with the length of 208–650 nm and width of 84–142 nm. Various concentrations of synthesized MgZnO NPs were investigated against a gram-negative (Escherichia coli - DH5α) bacterial strain under light and dark conditions. Among the studied samples, 0.010 M MgZnO NPs of concentration 3 mg/mL showed the best antibacterial activity under the light condition. MgZnO NPs revealed uneven ridges on the outer surface, which promote the diffusion ability of Zn 2+ and increased production of reactive oxygen species, and consequently lead to bacterial lysis. Furthermore, this study demonstrates excellent feasibility for the application of MgZnO NPs as fillers with good antibacterial activity, especially in antimicrobial food packaging applications.",
author = "Gopinath Kasi and Jongchul Seo",
year = "2019",
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doi = "10.1016/j.msec.2019.01.035",
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T1 - Influence of Mg doping on the structural, morphological, optical, thermal, and visible-light responsive antibacterial properties of ZnO nanoparticles synthesized via co-precipitation

AU - Kasi, Gopinath

AU - Seo, Jongchul

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N2 - Mg-doped zinc oxide (Zn 1-x Mg x O, where x = 0.000, 0.001, 0.003, 0.005, and 0.010 M) nanoparticles (MgZnO NPs) were synthesized via a co-precipitation method and subjected to various analyses for application as functional additives in food packaging. The MgZnO NPs were successfully formed at approximately 360 °C and showed an increase in the optical band gap with respect to the increase in the concentration of Mg doping. The X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy analyses of MgZnO NPs confirmed the formation of hexagonal wurtzite structure and rod-like morphology. X-ray photoelectron spectra revealed that the Mg (1s) peaks centered at 1303.35 and 1303.38 eV were ascribed to the presence of Mg 2+ replacing Zn 2+ . Transmission electron microscopy images showed rod shapes with the length of 208–650 nm and width of 84–142 nm. Various concentrations of synthesized MgZnO NPs were investigated against a gram-negative (Escherichia coli - DH5α) bacterial strain under light and dark conditions. Among the studied samples, 0.010 M MgZnO NPs of concentration 3 mg/mL showed the best antibacterial activity under the light condition. MgZnO NPs revealed uneven ridges on the outer surface, which promote the diffusion ability of Zn 2+ and increased production of reactive oxygen species, and consequently lead to bacterial lysis. Furthermore, this study demonstrates excellent feasibility for the application of MgZnO NPs as fillers with good antibacterial activity, especially in antimicrobial food packaging applications.

AB - Mg-doped zinc oxide (Zn 1-x Mg x O, where x = 0.000, 0.001, 0.003, 0.005, and 0.010 M) nanoparticles (MgZnO NPs) were synthesized via a co-precipitation method and subjected to various analyses for application as functional additives in food packaging. The MgZnO NPs were successfully formed at approximately 360 °C and showed an increase in the optical band gap with respect to the increase in the concentration of Mg doping. The X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscopy analyses of MgZnO NPs confirmed the formation of hexagonal wurtzite structure and rod-like morphology. X-ray photoelectron spectra revealed that the Mg (1s) peaks centered at 1303.35 and 1303.38 eV were ascribed to the presence of Mg 2+ replacing Zn 2+ . Transmission electron microscopy images showed rod shapes with the length of 208–650 nm and width of 84–142 nm. Various concentrations of synthesized MgZnO NPs were investigated against a gram-negative (Escherichia coli - DH5α) bacterial strain under light and dark conditions. Among the studied samples, 0.010 M MgZnO NPs of concentration 3 mg/mL showed the best antibacterial activity under the light condition. MgZnO NPs revealed uneven ridges on the outer surface, which promote the diffusion ability of Zn 2+ and increased production of reactive oxygen species, and consequently lead to bacterial lysis. Furthermore, this study demonstrates excellent feasibility for the application of MgZnO NPs as fillers with good antibacterial activity, especially in antimicrobial food packaging applications.

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