Influence of water vapor on performance of co-planar single chamber solid oxide fuel cells

Daehee Lee, Sung Jin Ahn, Joosun Kim, Jooho Moon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Influences of feeding gas compositions on the performance of co-planar, single chamber solid oxide fuel cells (SC-SOFCs) are investigated with emphasis on the role of water vapor. The maximum open circuit voltage (OCV) and peak power density are obtained at a methane-to-oxygen ratio of 3.5 under the wet gas condition, and a stoichiometric ratio of 2.0 for methane partial oxidation under the dry gas condition. In addition to the partial oxidation of methane on the anode and electrocatalytic reactions, both steam reforming and methane combustion occur on the anode and cathode, respectively, in the presence of water vapor. Local volume expansion and a rise in temperature associated with these parasitic reactions intensify inter-mixing of the reactant and product gases by which the OCV and power density drastically deteriorate with decreasing anode-to-cathode gap distance, as confirmed by impedance analysis for the LSM-YSZ|YSZ|LSM-YSZ symmetrical cell.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6504-6509
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Power Sources
Volume195
Issue number19
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Oct 1

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
  • Energy Engineering and Power Technology
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering

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