Infrared irradiance reduction in minimum smoke propellants by addition of potassium salt

Yoo Jin Yim, Myung Wook Jang, Eui Yong Park, Jong Seop Lee, Houkseop Han, Won Bok Lee, Soon Ho Song, Min Taek Kim, Ji Chang Yoo, Myong Won Yoon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

One of the plume characteristics of minimum smoke propellant is the infrared (IR) radiation signature, which may be useful for detection of rocket. The IR irradiance is known to be reduced by afterburning suppression in rocket plume by addition of potassium salt in propellant. The minimum smoke propellant with nitrate ester polyether (NEPE) binder system and nitramine oxidizers was researched for the afterburning and IR irradiance difference according to the content of potassium salt as afterburning suppressant in propellant formulation. The propellants were formulated to satisfy the level of AGARD smoke class AA and potassium sulfate was selected as afterburning inhibitor suitable for NEPE propellant. The afterburning flame length and mid-range IR intensity were measured, while conducting static firing tests of 6 inch (15.24 cm) standard rocket motors loaded with minimum smoke propellants of the different contents of potassium sulfate. The total IR irradiance of HMX/RDX propellant with 1.1% potassium sulfate was reduced to about 23% compared to the propellant without afterburning suppressant due to the inhibition of afterburning. Also, the total IR irradiance of the HNIW (30%)/RDX propellant was found to be almost three times more than that of the HMX/RDX propellant although the content of potassium sulfate was the same of 1.1% in both propellants.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)74-80
Number of pages7
JournalPropellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics
Volume40
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2015 Feb 1

Fingerprint

Propellants
Smoke
Potassium
Salts
Infrared radiation
HMX
Polyethers
Rockets
Nitrates
Esters
Rocket engines
Binders

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Chemical Engineering(all)

Cite this

Yim, Y. J., Jang, M. W., Park, E. Y., Lee, J. S., Han, H., Lee, W. B., ... Yoon, M. W. (2015). Infrared irradiance reduction in minimum smoke propellants by addition of potassium salt. Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, 40(1), 74-80. https://doi.org/10.1002/prep.201400172
Yim, Yoo Jin ; Jang, Myung Wook ; Park, Eui Yong ; Lee, Jong Seop ; Han, Houkseop ; Lee, Won Bok ; Song, Soon Ho ; Kim, Min Taek ; Yoo, Ji Chang ; Yoon, Myong Won. / Infrared irradiance reduction in minimum smoke propellants by addition of potassium salt. In: Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics. 2015 ; Vol. 40, No. 1. pp. 74-80.
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abstract = "One of the plume characteristics of minimum smoke propellant is the infrared (IR) radiation signature, which may be useful for detection of rocket. The IR irradiance is known to be reduced by afterburning suppression in rocket plume by addition of potassium salt in propellant. The minimum smoke propellant with nitrate ester polyether (NEPE) binder system and nitramine oxidizers was researched for the afterburning and IR irradiance difference according to the content of potassium salt as afterburning suppressant in propellant formulation. The propellants were formulated to satisfy the level of AGARD smoke class AA and potassium sulfate was selected as afterburning inhibitor suitable for NEPE propellant. The afterburning flame length and mid-range IR intensity were measured, while conducting static firing tests of 6 inch (15.24 cm) standard rocket motors loaded with minimum smoke propellants of the different contents of potassium sulfate. The total IR irradiance of HMX/RDX propellant with 1.1{\%} potassium sulfate was reduced to about 23{\%} compared to the propellant without afterburning suppressant due to the inhibition of afterburning. Also, the total IR irradiance of the HNIW (30{\%})/RDX propellant was found to be almost three times more than that of the HMX/RDX propellant although the content of potassium sulfate was the same of 1.1{\%} in both propellants.",
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Yim, YJ, Jang, MW, Park, EY, Lee, JS, Han, H, Lee, WB, Song, SH, Kim, MT, Yoo, JC & Yoon, MW 2015, 'Infrared irradiance reduction in minimum smoke propellants by addition of potassium salt', Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, vol. 40, no. 1, pp. 74-80. https://doi.org/10.1002/prep.201400172

Infrared irradiance reduction in minimum smoke propellants by addition of potassium salt. / Yim, Yoo Jin; Jang, Myung Wook; Park, Eui Yong; Lee, Jong Seop; Han, Houkseop; Lee, Won Bok; Song, Soon Ho; Kim, Min Taek; Yoo, Ji Chang; Yoon, Myong Won.

In: Propellants, Explosives, Pyrotechnics, Vol. 40, No. 1, 01.02.2015, p. 74-80.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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