5-Lipoxygenase (5-LOX) is an enzyme that converts arachidonic acid from the cell membrane into leukotriene, a signal lipid mediator. 5-LOX deficiency markedly attenuates the formation of aneurysms in knockout mice. In addition, Zileuton, a clinical drug targeting 5-LOX, is used for treatment of asthma. However, it is unclear whether 5-LOX inhibition results in anti-angiogenic effects for applications in cancer therapy. To explore the roles of 5-LOX in angiogenesis and its potential as a therapeutic target in cancer, the effects of a newly synthesized 5-LOX inhibitor, F3, on in vitro and in vivo angiogenesis were investigated. The results showed that 5-LOX inhibition by F3 suppressed in vitro vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF)-induced tube formation and chemo-invasion of endothelial cells (ECs). 5-LOX inhibition also decreased VEGF-induced extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK) phosphorylation in ECs. Notably, 5-LOX knockdown phenocopied the anti-angiogenic activity of the 5-LOX inhibitor F3 in a concentration-dependent manner. F3 did not affect the activities of VEGF receptor 2 or AKT. In vivo, the compound significantly inhibited the formation of the chorioallantoic membrane at nontoxic doses. These results demonstrated that 5-LOX played an important role in angiogenesis and that its inhibitor F3 could be a new anti-angiogenic agent targeting VEGF signaling.
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2016|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was partly supported by grants from the National Research Foundation of Korea , funded by the Korean government (MSIP; 2012M3A9D1054520 , 2015M3A9B6027818 , 2015K1A1A2028365 , and 2015M3A9C4076321 ) and Brain Korea 21 Plus Project, Republic of Korea .
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology