Inhibition of MEK1,2/ERK mitogenic pathway by estrogen with antiproliferative properties in rat aortic smooth muscle cells

Ki Chul Hwang, Kyung Hye Lee, Yangsoo Jang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Proliferation and migration of vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) are believed to contribute significantly to intimal thickening in atheroscleosis, restenosis, and venous bypass graft disease. Estrogen inhibits proliferation and migration of VSMCs. However, antiproliferative mechanisms of estrogen were not well elucidated yet. In this study, we investigated the antiproliferative effect of estrogen to determine whether the transduction signals and protooncogenes were affected in rat aortic smooth muscle cells (RASMCs). Estrogen inhibited the proliferative response stimulated by 5% fetal bovine serum (FBS) dose-dependently in RASMCs (IC50: 40nM). In 0.5% serum-treated RASMCs, estrogen dramatically inhibited the activity of extracellular signal-regulated kinases (ERK) followed by inhibition of MEK1,2 activity in dose-dependent manner without affecting the other mitogen-activating protein kinases (MAPKs), c-jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) and p38. Induction of Elk-1 mRNA was significantly reduced dose-dependently up to 100nM of estrogen. These results indicate that the antiproliferative effects of estrogen in RASMCs involved ERK inhibition followed by the inactivation of MEK1,2 and downregulation of Elk-1 expression.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-90
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
Volume80
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2002 Mar 9

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Medicine
  • Molecular Biology
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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