The alkylating agent temozolomide (TMZ) is an effective drug used for the treatment of malignant gliomas. However, tumor relapse combined with the development of drug resistance remains a significant problem. To clarify the mechanism of the resistance of glioma cells to TMZ chemotherapy, TMZ-resistant glioma cell lines (TR cells) were generated using U373 and U251 human glioma cells, and TMZ-resistance was confirmed via viability and apoptosis assays. The TMZ-resistance of TR cells was not associated with the TMZ-resistance molecule O6-methylguanine-DNA-methyltransferase. Notably, the expression level of signal transducers and activators of transcription 3 (STAT3) and serine 727-phosphorylated STAT3 (pSTAT3-Ser727) was highly increased in TR cells, while that of 705-phosphorylated STAT3 (pSTAT3-Tyr705) was decreased. The inhibition of STAT3 expression by small interfering RNA enhanced TRcell TMZ sensitivity. These results suggest that STAT3 contributes to TMZ-resistance in gliomas and is a potential target for the reversal of TMZ-resistance in patients with a recurrent glioma.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Cancer Research