Inhibition of the ERK1/2-mTORC1 axis ameliorates proteinuria and the fibrogenic action of transforming growth factor-β in Adriamycin-induced glomerulosclerosis

Ranjan Das, Soo Jin Kim, Nhung Thi Nguyen, Hyeong Ju Kwon, Seung Kuy Cha, Kyu Sang Park

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) plays crucial roles in the development of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, but key molecular pathways remain unknown. Here, we identified the regulation of mammalian target of rapamycin complex1 (mTORC1) by TGF-β via ERK1/2 in the Adriamycin-induced murine model of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Adriamycin administration elicited early activation of TGF-β-ERK1/2-mTORC1 in podocytes, which persisted at later stages of albuminuria and glomerulosclerosis. Phosphorylation of the TGF-β receptor-I (TGF-βRI), Smad3, ERK1/2 and ribosomal protein S6 were evident in the glomeruli of adriamycin-treated mice. Targeting TGFβ-RI and mTORC1 with pharmacological inhibitors suppressed TGF-β signaling in glomeruli and significantly reduced albuminuria, glomerulosclerosis, protein levels of collagen 4α3, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, and vimentin and restored mRNA levels of podocyte markers. Low dose US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved MEK/ERK inhibitor trametinib/GSK1120212 blunted TGF-β1–induced mTORC1 activation in podocytes, ameliorated up-regulation of TGF-β, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, fibronectin and α-smooth muscle actin and prevented albuminuria and glomerulosclerosis with improved serum albumin. In cultured podocytes, this pathway was found to be associated with translation of fibrogenic collagen 4α3 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, without influencing their transcription. Notably, rapamycin suppressed upstream p-TGF-βRI, p-Smad3 and p-ERK1/2, and trametinib down-regulated upstream p-Smad3 in ex vivo and in vivo studies, indicating that harmful paracrine signaling among glomerular cells amplified the TGF-β–ERK1/2–mTORC1 axis by forming a positive feedback loop. Thus, an accentuated TGF-β–ERK1/2–mTORC1 pathway is suggested as a central upstream mediator to develop proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis. Hence, preventing activation of this vicious loop by trametinib may offer a new therapeutic strategy for glomerular disease treatment.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)927-941
Number of pages15
JournalKidney International
Volume96
Issue number4
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Oct

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Transforming Growth Factors
Sirolimus
Proteinuria
Doxorubicin
Podocytes
Albuminuria
Plasminogen Activator Inhibitor 1
Focal Segmental Glomerulosclerosis
Collagen
Ribosomal Protein S6
Paracrine Communication
Growth Factor Receptors
Chemokine CCL2
Mitogen-Activated Protein Kinase Kinases
Vimentin
United States Food and Drug Administration
Fibronectins
Serum Albumin
Smooth Muscle
Actins

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Nephrology

Cite this

@article{d6917f3713cb400f9503794a86bb4299,
title = "Inhibition of the ERK1/2-mTORC1 axis ameliorates proteinuria and the fibrogenic action of transforming growth factor-β in Adriamycin-induced glomerulosclerosis",
abstract = "Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) plays crucial roles in the development of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, but key molecular pathways remain unknown. Here, we identified the regulation of mammalian target of rapamycin complex1 (mTORC1) by TGF-β via ERK1/2 in the Adriamycin-induced murine model of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Adriamycin administration elicited early activation of TGF-β-ERK1/2-mTORC1 in podocytes, which persisted at later stages of albuminuria and glomerulosclerosis. Phosphorylation of the TGF-β receptor-I (TGF-βRI), Smad3, ERK1/2 and ribosomal protein S6 were evident in the glomeruli of adriamycin-treated mice. Targeting TGFβ-RI and mTORC1 with pharmacological inhibitors suppressed TGF-β signaling in glomeruli and significantly reduced albuminuria, glomerulosclerosis, protein levels of collagen 4α3, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, and vimentin and restored mRNA levels of podocyte markers. Low dose US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved MEK/ERK inhibitor trametinib/GSK1120212 blunted TGF-β1–induced mTORC1 activation in podocytes, ameliorated up-regulation of TGF-β, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, fibronectin and α-smooth muscle actin and prevented albuminuria and glomerulosclerosis with improved serum albumin. In cultured podocytes, this pathway was found to be associated with translation of fibrogenic collagen 4α3 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, without influencing their transcription. Notably, rapamycin suppressed upstream p-TGF-βRI, p-Smad3 and p-ERK1/2, and trametinib down-regulated upstream p-Smad3 in ex vivo and in vivo studies, indicating that harmful paracrine signaling among glomerular cells amplified the TGF-β–ERK1/2–mTORC1 axis by forming a positive feedback loop. Thus, an accentuated TGF-β–ERK1/2–mTORC1 pathway is suggested as a central upstream mediator to develop proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis. Hence, preventing activation of this vicious loop by trametinib may offer a new therapeutic strategy for glomerular disease treatment.",
author = "Ranjan Das and Kim, {Soo Jin} and Nguyen, {Nhung Thi} and Kwon, {Hyeong Ju} and Cha, {Seung Kuy} and Park, {Kyu Sang}",
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T1 - Inhibition of the ERK1/2-mTORC1 axis ameliorates proteinuria and the fibrogenic action of transforming growth factor-β in Adriamycin-induced glomerulosclerosis

AU - Das, Ranjan

AU - Kim, Soo Jin

AU - Nguyen, Nhung Thi

AU - Kwon, Hyeong Ju

AU - Cha, Seung Kuy

AU - Park, Kyu Sang

PY - 2019/10

Y1 - 2019/10

N2 - Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) plays crucial roles in the development of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, but key molecular pathways remain unknown. Here, we identified the regulation of mammalian target of rapamycin complex1 (mTORC1) by TGF-β via ERK1/2 in the Adriamycin-induced murine model of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Adriamycin administration elicited early activation of TGF-β-ERK1/2-mTORC1 in podocytes, which persisted at later stages of albuminuria and glomerulosclerosis. Phosphorylation of the TGF-β receptor-I (TGF-βRI), Smad3, ERK1/2 and ribosomal protein S6 were evident in the glomeruli of adriamycin-treated mice. Targeting TGFβ-RI and mTORC1 with pharmacological inhibitors suppressed TGF-β signaling in glomeruli and significantly reduced albuminuria, glomerulosclerosis, protein levels of collagen 4α3, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, and vimentin and restored mRNA levels of podocyte markers. Low dose US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved MEK/ERK inhibitor trametinib/GSK1120212 blunted TGF-β1–induced mTORC1 activation in podocytes, ameliorated up-regulation of TGF-β, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, fibronectin and α-smooth muscle actin and prevented albuminuria and glomerulosclerosis with improved serum albumin. In cultured podocytes, this pathway was found to be associated with translation of fibrogenic collagen 4α3 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, without influencing their transcription. Notably, rapamycin suppressed upstream p-TGF-βRI, p-Smad3 and p-ERK1/2, and trametinib down-regulated upstream p-Smad3 in ex vivo and in vivo studies, indicating that harmful paracrine signaling among glomerular cells amplified the TGF-β–ERK1/2–mTORC1 axis by forming a positive feedback loop. Thus, an accentuated TGF-β–ERK1/2–mTORC1 pathway is suggested as a central upstream mediator to develop proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis. Hence, preventing activation of this vicious loop by trametinib may offer a new therapeutic strategy for glomerular disease treatment.

AB - Transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) plays crucial roles in the development of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis, but key molecular pathways remain unknown. Here, we identified the regulation of mammalian target of rapamycin complex1 (mTORC1) by TGF-β via ERK1/2 in the Adriamycin-induced murine model of focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. Adriamycin administration elicited early activation of TGF-β-ERK1/2-mTORC1 in podocytes, which persisted at later stages of albuminuria and glomerulosclerosis. Phosphorylation of the TGF-β receptor-I (TGF-βRI), Smad3, ERK1/2 and ribosomal protein S6 were evident in the glomeruli of adriamycin-treated mice. Targeting TGFβ-RI and mTORC1 with pharmacological inhibitors suppressed TGF-β signaling in glomeruli and significantly reduced albuminuria, glomerulosclerosis, protein levels of collagen 4α3, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, and vimentin and restored mRNA levels of podocyte markers. Low dose US Food and Drug Administration (FDA)-approved MEK/ERK inhibitor trametinib/GSK1120212 blunted TGF-β1–induced mTORC1 activation in podocytes, ameliorated up-regulation of TGF-β, plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, monocyte chemoattractant protein-1, fibronectin and α-smooth muscle actin and prevented albuminuria and glomerulosclerosis with improved serum albumin. In cultured podocytes, this pathway was found to be associated with translation of fibrogenic collagen 4α3 and plasminogen activator inhibitor-1, without influencing their transcription. Notably, rapamycin suppressed upstream p-TGF-βRI, p-Smad3 and p-ERK1/2, and trametinib down-regulated upstream p-Smad3 in ex vivo and in vivo studies, indicating that harmful paracrine signaling among glomerular cells amplified the TGF-β–ERK1/2–mTORC1 axis by forming a positive feedback loop. Thus, an accentuated TGF-β–ERK1/2–mTORC1 pathway is suggested as a central upstream mediator to develop proteinuria and glomerulosclerosis. Hence, preventing activation of this vicious loop by trametinib may offer a new therapeutic strategy for glomerular disease treatment.

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