Mammalian palate separates the oral and nasal cavities for normal feeding, breathing and speech. The palatal shelves are a pair of maxillary prominences that consist of the neural crest-derived mesenchyme and surrounding epithelium. Palatogenesis is completed by the fusion of the midline epithelial seam (MES) after the medial edge epithelium (MEE) cells make contact between the palatal shelves. Various cellular and molecular events, such as apoptosis, cell proliferation, cell migration, and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT), are involved in palatogenesis. The Zeb family of transcription factors is an essential player during normal embryonic development. The distinct role of the Zeb family has not been thoroughly elucidated to date. In mouse palate, the Zeb family factors are expressed in the palatal mesenchyme until MEE contact. Interestingly, the expression of the Zeb family has also been observed in MES, which is already fused with the mesenchymal region. The regulatory roles of the Zeb family in palatogenesis have not been elucidated to date. The purpose of this study is to determine the Zeb family effects on the cellular events. To investigate the functions of the Zeb family, siRNA targeting Zeb family was used to treat in vitro organ culture for temporary inhibition of the Zeb family during palatogenesis. In the cultured palate containing siRNA, MES was clearly observed, and E-cadherin, an epithelial marker, was still expressed. Inhibition of the Zeb family results in the suppression of apoptosis, increased cell proliferation, and defective cell migration in the developing palate. Our data suggest that the Zeb family plays multiple roles in the stimulation and inhibition of apoptosis and cell proliferation and efficient mesenchymal cell migration during palatogenesis.
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|Publication status||Published - 2018 Nov 17|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) Grants 2016R1A5A2008630 , 2016R1A6A3A11932191 and 2016R1C1B2013725 . This research was supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI) , funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea ( HI14C3266 ).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology