A methanolic extract of the fruits of Amomum tsao-ko (Zingiber-aceae) significantly attenuated nitric oxide production in lipopo-lysaccharide- simulated BV2 microglia. Two new bicyclic nonanes characterized as 6,7-dihydroxy-indan-4-carbaldehyde (1) and 6-hydroxy-indan-4-carbaldehyde (2) were isolated with the eleven known compounds 6,7-dihydroxy-3,7-dimethyloct-2- enoic acid (3), tsaokoin (4), isotsaokoin (5), 8-oxogeraniol (6), p-menth-l-ene-5,6-diol (7), 3α-hydroxycarvotagenone (8), tsao-koarylone (9), l,7-bis(4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)-4,6-hepta-dien-3one (10), (+)-hannokinol (11), meso-hannokinol (12) and hannokinin (13), from the fruits of A tsao-ko using bioactivity-guided fractionation. All thirteen compounds significantly inhibited lipopolysaccharide-induced nitric oxide production in BV2 microglial cells at concentrations ranging from 1 μM to 100 μM.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Analytical Chemistry
- Molecular Medicine
- Pharmaceutical Science
- Drug Discovery
- Complementary and alternative medicine
- Organic Chemistry