1. 1. The effects of carotenes (α- and β-) on edema, MDA contents and peroxidizability ofcroton oil-treated mouse skin epidermis, hydroperoxide production and enzymatic lipid peroxidation of epidermal homogenates were studied. Edema was determined as ear punch weight and the intensity of lipid peroxidation was measured using malondialdehyde formation. 2. 2. Carotenes (α- and β-) significantly suppressed edema formation, hydroperoxide production, lipid peroxidation caused by croton oil, Fe + 3-ADP/NADPH or paraquat/NADPH in vivo as well as in vitro. 3. 3. These results indicate that both α- and β-carotene have chemopreventive effects on croton oil-induced tumor promotion in skin tumorigenesis by scavenging oxygen free radicals, indirectly determined as carotene inhibition of lipid peroxidation and hydroperoxide formation.
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