Initial tack and viscoelastic properties of MF/PVAc hybrid resins used as adhesives for composite flooring materials

Sumin Kim, Hyun Joong Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

6 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The initial tack and viscoelastic properties of blends of melamine-formaldehyde (MF) resin and poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) emulsion on decorative veneer and plywood surfaces were investigated using a texture analyzer and dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) at room temperature with respect to the 'open time', the time delay between applying an adhesive to a surface and contacting that surface with the other material. We determined and compared the effects of PVAc content, at 0, 30, 50, 70 and 100 wt%, in blends with MF resin. As PVAc is curable at room temperature, PVAc markedly affected the initial tack, as well as DMTA results. The degree of 'tack' was determined quantitatively based on the probe tack data. As the adhesion in an engineered flooring should be achieved in 2-3 min, the acceptable tack range is between 100 and 200 g. From the DMTA results, i.e., the tan(E″) values, the maximum loss modulus (Δ″) and the rigidity (ΔE) of MF/PVAc blends at room temperature, it was found that tan δ and loss modulus (E′) increased with increasing MF resin content. Moreover, the rigidities of the 70:30 and 50:50 MF/PVAc blends were higher than those of the other blends, especially in comparison with the pure 100% PVAc and 100% MF. We conclude that the initial tack correlates with the MF/PVAc blend ratio during the adhesion process at room temperature.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)705-722
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Adhesion Science and Technology
Volume20
Issue number7
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2006 Aug 3

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Melamine formaldehyde resins
melamine
formaldehyde
resins
adhesives
acetates
Adhesives
Resins
composite materials
Composite materials
Thermoanalysis
Rigidity
Adhesion
thermal analysis
Veneers
room temperature
Plywood
Temperature
Melamine
rigidity

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Chemistry(all)
  • Mechanics of Materials
  • Surfaces and Interfaces
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films
  • Materials Chemistry

Cite this

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title = "Initial tack and viscoelastic properties of MF/PVAc hybrid resins used as adhesives for composite flooring materials",
abstract = "The initial tack and viscoelastic properties of blends of melamine-formaldehyde (MF) resin and poly(vinyl acetate) (PVAc) emulsion on decorative veneer and plywood surfaces were investigated using a texture analyzer and dynamic mechanical thermal analysis (DMTA) at room temperature with respect to the 'open time', the time delay between applying an adhesive to a surface and contacting that surface with the other material. We determined and compared the effects of PVAc content, at 0, 30, 50, 70 and 100 wt{\%}, in blends with MF resin. As PVAc is curable at room temperature, PVAc markedly affected the initial tack, as well as DMTA results. The degree of 'tack' was determined quantitatively based on the probe tack data. As the adhesion in an engineered flooring should be achieved in 2-3 min, the acceptable tack range is between 100 and 200 g. From the DMTA results, i.e., the tan(E″) values, the maximum loss modulus (Δ″) and the rigidity (ΔE) of MF/PVAc blends at room temperature, it was found that tan δ and loss modulus (E′) increased with increasing MF resin content. Moreover, the rigidities of the 70:30 and 50:50 MF/PVAc blends were higher than those of the other blends, especially in comparison with the pure 100{\%} PVAc and 100{\%} MF. We conclude that the initial tack correlates with the MF/PVAc blend ratio during the adhesion process at room temperature.",
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Initial tack and viscoelastic properties of MF/PVAc hybrid resins used as adhesives for composite flooring materials. / Kim, Sumin; Kim, Hyun Joong.

In: Journal of Adhesion Science and Technology, Vol. 20, No. 7, 03.08.2006, p. 705-722.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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