Surface modification involves developing a versatile thin film by combining the physical, chemical, or biological characteristics of the functional materials and can facilitate controlling material for desirable aims. Layer-by-layer (LbL) assembly can be used to create materials with controlled thicknesses and morphologies, diverse functionalities, and unique structures on any surface. However, despite the advantages of the LbL fabrication technique, there are limits to its application because it is a time-consuming process and has difficulty controlling the shape of nanofilms. In addition, controlling the lateral organization is difficult because the preparation methods are based on one-pot self-assembly. In this study, a multilayered fabrication system is developed for the high-throughput LbL assembly of nanofilms through inkjet printing. With various types of materials from synthetic polymer to graphene oxide to natural polymer and protein, the approach can tune the preparation of nanoscale multilayers with desired structures and shapes for specific applications on various substrates, including a silicon wafer, quartz glass, and cellulose-based paper.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF), funded by the Ministry of Science, ICT & Future Planning of Korea government (2012M3A9C6050104). Additionally, this research was also supported by a grant of the Korea Health Technology R&D Project through the Korea Health Industry Development Institute (KHIDI), funded by the Ministry of Health & Welfare, Republic of Korea (HI14C-3266, HI15C-1653). This research was also supported by the Chung-Ang University Excellent Student Scholarship in 2013 (M.C.). The manuscript was written through contributions of all authors. All authors have given approval to the final version of the manuscript.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Chemical Engineering(all)
- Organic Chemistry
- Polymers and Plastics
- Materials Chemistry