Instability of 24-hour intraocular pressure fluctuation in healthy young subjects

A prospective, cross-sectional study

Yoo Kyung Song, Chang Kyu Lee, Jiwon Kim, Samin Hong, chanyun kim, Gong Je Seong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is a major risk factor for the development and/or progression of glaucoma, and a large diurnal IOP fluctuation has been identified as an independent risk factor of glaucoma progression. However, most previous studies have not considered the repeatability of 24-hour IOP measurements. The aim of this study was to evaluate the instability of 24-hour IOP fluctuations in healthy young subjects. Methods: Ten healthy young volunteers participated in this prospective, cross-sectional study. Each subject underwent 24-hour IOP and systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) assessments both in sitting and supine positions every 3 hours, once a week for 5 consecutive weeks. Mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP) was then calculated for both positions. The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) of maximum, minimum, and fluctuation parameters were computed for IOP, SBP/DBP, and MOPP. Fluctuation was defined as the difference between maximum and minimum values during a day. Results: Among the serial measurements taken over a 24-hour rhythm, the maximum/minimum values of IOP, as well as BP, showed excellent agreement: regardless of position, all ICC values were over 0.800. Most of the BP fluctuation values also showed excellent agreement. IOP fluctuation, however, did not show excellent agreement; the ICC of sitting IOP fluctuation was just 0.212. MOPP fluctuation also showed poor agreement, especially in the sitting position (ICC, 0.003). Conclusion: On a day to day basis, 24-hour IOP fluctuations were not highly reproducible in healthy young volunteers. Our results imply that a single 24-hour IOP assessment may not be a sufficient or suitable way to characterize circadian IOP fluctuations for individual subjects.

Original languageEnglish
Article number127
JournalBMC Ophthalmology
Volume14
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2014 Nov 4

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Intraocular Pressure
Healthy Volunteers
Cross-Sectional Studies
Perfusion
Posture
Pressure
Glaucoma
Blood Pressure
Supine Position

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Song, Yoo Kyung ; Lee, Chang Kyu ; Kim, Jiwon ; Hong, Samin ; kim, chanyun ; Seong, Gong Je. / Instability of 24-hour intraocular pressure fluctuation in healthy young subjects : A prospective, cross-sectional study. In: BMC Ophthalmology. 2014 ; Vol. 14, No. 1.
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abstract = "Background: Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is a major risk factor for the development and/or progression of glaucoma, and a large diurnal IOP fluctuation has been identified as an independent risk factor of glaucoma progression. However, most previous studies have not considered the repeatability of 24-hour IOP measurements. The aim of this study was to evaluate the instability of 24-hour IOP fluctuations in healthy young subjects. Methods: Ten healthy young volunteers participated in this prospective, cross-sectional study. Each subject underwent 24-hour IOP and systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) assessments both in sitting and supine positions every 3 hours, once a week for 5 consecutive weeks. Mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP) was then calculated for both positions. The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) of maximum, minimum, and fluctuation parameters were computed for IOP, SBP/DBP, and MOPP. Fluctuation was defined as the difference between maximum and minimum values during a day. Results: Among the serial measurements taken over a 24-hour rhythm, the maximum/minimum values of IOP, as well as BP, showed excellent agreement: regardless of position, all ICC values were over 0.800. Most of the BP fluctuation values also showed excellent agreement. IOP fluctuation, however, did not show excellent agreement; the ICC of sitting IOP fluctuation was just 0.212. MOPP fluctuation also showed poor agreement, especially in the sitting position (ICC, 0.003). Conclusion: On a day to day basis, 24-hour IOP fluctuations were not highly reproducible in healthy young volunteers. Our results imply that a single 24-hour IOP assessment may not be a sufficient or suitable way to characterize circadian IOP fluctuations for individual subjects.",
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Instability of 24-hour intraocular pressure fluctuation in healthy young subjects : A prospective, cross-sectional study. / Song, Yoo Kyung; Lee, Chang Kyu; Kim, Jiwon; Hong, Samin; kim, chanyun; Seong, Gong Je.

In: BMC Ophthalmology, Vol. 14, No. 1, 127, 04.11.2014.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Instability of 24-hour intraocular pressure fluctuation in healthy young subjects

T2 - A prospective, cross-sectional study

AU - Song, Yoo Kyung

AU - Lee, Chang Kyu

AU - Kim, Jiwon

AU - Hong, Samin

AU - kim, chanyun

AU - Seong, Gong Je

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N2 - Background: Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is a major risk factor for the development and/or progression of glaucoma, and a large diurnal IOP fluctuation has been identified as an independent risk factor of glaucoma progression. However, most previous studies have not considered the repeatability of 24-hour IOP measurements. The aim of this study was to evaluate the instability of 24-hour IOP fluctuations in healthy young subjects. Methods: Ten healthy young volunteers participated in this prospective, cross-sectional study. Each subject underwent 24-hour IOP and systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) assessments both in sitting and supine positions every 3 hours, once a week for 5 consecutive weeks. Mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP) was then calculated for both positions. The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) of maximum, minimum, and fluctuation parameters were computed for IOP, SBP/DBP, and MOPP. Fluctuation was defined as the difference between maximum and minimum values during a day. Results: Among the serial measurements taken over a 24-hour rhythm, the maximum/minimum values of IOP, as well as BP, showed excellent agreement: regardless of position, all ICC values were over 0.800. Most of the BP fluctuation values also showed excellent agreement. IOP fluctuation, however, did not show excellent agreement; the ICC of sitting IOP fluctuation was just 0.212. MOPP fluctuation also showed poor agreement, especially in the sitting position (ICC, 0.003). Conclusion: On a day to day basis, 24-hour IOP fluctuations were not highly reproducible in healthy young volunteers. Our results imply that a single 24-hour IOP assessment may not be a sufficient or suitable way to characterize circadian IOP fluctuations for individual subjects.

AB - Background: Elevated intraocular pressure (IOP) is a major risk factor for the development and/or progression of glaucoma, and a large diurnal IOP fluctuation has been identified as an independent risk factor of glaucoma progression. However, most previous studies have not considered the repeatability of 24-hour IOP measurements. The aim of this study was to evaluate the instability of 24-hour IOP fluctuations in healthy young subjects. Methods: Ten healthy young volunteers participated in this prospective, cross-sectional study. Each subject underwent 24-hour IOP and systolic/diastolic blood pressure (SBP/DBP) assessments both in sitting and supine positions every 3 hours, once a week for 5 consecutive weeks. Mean ocular perfusion pressure (MOPP) was then calculated for both positions. The intraclass correlation coefficients (ICCs) of maximum, minimum, and fluctuation parameters were computed for IOP, SBP/DBP, and MOPP. Fluctuation was defined as the difference between maximum and minimum values during a day. Results: Among the serial measurements taken over a 24-hour rhythm, the maximum/minimum values of IOP, as well as BP, showed excellent agreement: regardless of position, all ICC values were over 0.800. Most of the BP fluctuation values also showed excellent agreement. IOP fluctuation, however, did not show excellent agreement; the ICC of sitting IOP fluctuation was just 0.212. MOPP fluctuation also showed poor agreement, especially in the sitting position (ICC, 0.003). Conclusion: On a day to day basis, 24-hour IOP fluctuations were not highly reproducible in healthy young volunteers. Our results imply that a single 24-hour IOP assessment may not be a sufficient or suitable way to characterize circadian IOP fluctuations for individual subjects.

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U2 - 10.1186/1471-2415-14-127

DO - 10.1186/1471-2415-14-127

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