Integrated valorization of Moringa oleifera and waste Phoenix dactylifera L. dates as potential feedstocks for biofuels production from Algerian Sahara: An experimental perspective

A. Boulal, A. E. Atabani, M. N. Mohammed, M. Khelafi, Gediz Uguz, Sutha Shobana, Awais Bokhari, Gopalakrishnan Kumar

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

The world is concerned with the degradation of the Saharan eco-system due to the absence of green spaces, emission of greenhouse gases and the burial of oases by sand beside the global energy crisis. This promoted the Algerian government to set a national strategy towards the use of renewable sources to cover 40% of its energy needs by 2030. In this article, a modern technique to simultaneously protect the environment and produce biofuels from the Saharan environment through cultivation of Moringa oleifera and valorizations of waste Phoenix dactylifera L. dates which are of not of satisfactory quality for the local market has been adopted. Characterization of Moringa oleifera oil, Moringa oleifera biodiesel and bioethanol produced from the waste date was done. Biodiesel-diesel-bioethanol blends were characterized by DSC, FT-IR, TGA and GC methods. Results show high oil content of Moringa oleifera seeds of 40%, biodiesel yield of 91% and bioethanol percentage of 96.83% with 3.17% of impurities. The properties of ternary blends of D80B5BE15, D80B10BE10 and D80B15BE5 exhibit similar densities and cold flow properties to Euro-diesel. Our analysis also proved that waste Phoenix dactylifera L. dates are useless as ruminant feed due to low protein content. In conclusion, the study proved the feasibility of cultivating Moringa oleifera to protect the environment and valorizing its seeds besides waste date seeds to produce both biodiesel and bioethanol in the Algerian Saharan.

Original languageEnglish
Article number101234
JournalBiocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology
Volume20
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2019 Jul

Fingerprint

Moringa oleifera
Northern Africa
Phoenix dactylifera
Bioethanol
Biofuels
Biodiesel
bioethanol
feedstocks
biofuels
Feedstocks
biodiesel
Seed
Seeds
Oils
seeds
Burial
Greenhouse gases
oases
energy
Ruminants

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biotechnology
  • Food Science
  • Bioengineering
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
  • Agronomy and Crop Science

Cite this

@article{d3b35f6c1bd34b008bb605556dabe268,
title = "Integrated valorization of Moringa oleifera and waste Phoenix dactylifera L. dates as potential feedstocks for biofuels production from Algerian Sahara: An experimental perspective",
abstract = "The world is concerned with the degradation of the Saharan eco-system due to the absence of green spaces, emission of greenhouse gases and the burial of oases by sand beside the global energy crisis. This promoted the Algerian government to set a national strategy towards the use of renewable sources to cover 40{\%} of its energy needs by 2030. In this article, a modern technique to simultaneously protect the environment and produce biofuels from the Saharan environment through cultivation of Moringa oleifera and valorizations of waste Phoenix dactylifera L. dates which are of not of satisfactory quality for the local market has been adopted. Characterization of Moringa oleifera oil, Moringa oleifera biodiesel and bioethanol produced from the waste date was done. Biodiesel-diesel-bioethanol blends were characterized by DSC, FT-IR, TGA and GC methods. Results show high oil content of Moringa oleifera seeds of 40{\%}, biodiesel yield of 91{\%} and bioethanol percentage of 96.83{\%} with 3.17{\%} of impurities. The properties of ternary blends of D80B5BE15, D80B10BE10 and D80B15BE5 exhibit similar densities and cold flow properties to Euro-diesel. Our analysis also proved that waste Phoenix dactylifera L. dates are useless as ruminant feed due to low protein content. In conclusion, the study proved the feasibility of cultivating Moringa oleifera to protect the environment and valorizing its seeds besides waste date seeds to produce both biodiesel and bioethanol in the Algerian Saharan.",
author = "A. Boulal and Atabani, {A. E.} and Mohammed, {M. N.} and M. Khelafi and Gediz Uguz and Sutha Shobana and Awais Bokhari and Gopalakrishnan Kumar",
year = "2019",
month = "7",
doi = "10.1016/j.bcab.2019.101234",
language = "English",
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Integrated valorization of Moringa oleifera and waste Phoenix dactylifera L. dates as potential feedstocks for biofuels production from Algerian Sahara : An experimental perspective. / Boulal, A.; Atabani, A. E.; Mohammed, M. N.; Khelafi, M.; Uguz, Gediz; Shobana, Sutha; Bokhari, Awais; Kumar, Gopalakrishnan.

In: Biocatalysis and Agricultural Biotechnology, Vol. 20, 101234, 07.2019.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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T1 - Integrated valorization of Moringa oleifera and waste Phoenix dactylifera L. dates as potential feedstocks for biofuels production from Algerian Sahara

T2 - An experimental perspective

AU - Boulal, A.

AU - Atabani, A. E.

AU - Mohammed, M. N.

AU - Khelafi, M.

AU - Uguz, Gediz

AU - Shobana, Sutha

AU - Bokhari, Awais

AU - Kumar, Gopalakrishnan

PY - 2019/7

Y1 - 2019/7

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AB - The world is concerned with the degradation of the Saharan eco-system due to the absence of green spaces, emission of greenhouse gases and the burial of oases by sand beside the global energy crisis. This promoted the Algerian government to set a national strategy towards the use of renewable sources to cover 40% of its energy needs by 2030. In this article, a modern technique to simultaneously protect the environment and produce biofuels from the Saharan environment through cultivation of Moringa oleifera and valorizations of waste Phoenix dactylifera L. dates which are of not of satisfactory quality for the local market has been adopted. Characterization of Moringa oleifera oil, Moringa oleifera biodiesel and bioethanol produced from the waste date was done. Biodiesel-diesel-bioethanol blends were characterized by DSC, FT-IR, TGA and GC methods. Results show high oil content of Moringa oleifera seeds of 40%, biodiesel yield of 91% and bioethanol percentage of 96.83% with 3.17% of impurities. The properties of ternary blends of D80B5BE15, D80B10BE10 and D80B15BE5 exhibit similar densities and cold flow properties to Euro-diesel. Our analysis also proved that waste Phoenix dactylifera L. dates are useless as ruminant feed due to low protein content. In conclusion, the study proved the feasibility of cultivating Moringa oleifera to protect the environment and valorizing its seeds besides waste date seeds to produce both biodiesel and bioethanol in the Algerian Saharan.

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