Integrating machine learning, radio frequency identification, and consignment policy for reducing unreliability in smart supply chain management

Suman Kalyan Sardar, Biswajit Sarkar, Byunghoon Kim

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Adopting smart technologies for supply chain management leads to higher profits. The manufacturer and retailer are two supply chain players, where the retailer is unreliable and may not send accurate demand information to the manufacturer. As an advanced smart technology, Radio Frequency Identification (RFID) is implemented to track and trace each product’s movement on a real-time basis in the inventory. It takes this supply chain to a smart supply chain management. This research proposes a Machine Learning (ML) approach for on-demand forecasting under smart supply chain management. Using Long-Short-Term Memory (LSTM), the demand is forecasted to obtain the exact demand information to reduce the overstock or understock situation. A measurement for the environmental effect is also incorporated with the model. A consignment policy is applied where the manufacturer controls the inventory, and the retailer gets a fixed fee along with a commission for selling each product. The manufacturer installs RFID technology at the retailer’s place. Two mathematical models are solved using a classical optimization technique. The results from those two models show that the ML-RFID model gives a higher profit than the existing traditional system.

Original languageEnglish
Article number247
Pages (from-to)1-16
Number of pages16
JournalProcesses
Volume9
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2021 Feb

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 by the authors. Licensee MDPI, Basel, Switzerland.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Bioengineering
  • Chemical Engineering (miscellaneous)
  • Process Chemistry and Technology

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