Interface formation between ZnO nanorod arrays and polymers (PCBM and P3HT) for organic solar cells

Jung Han Lee, Jeong Ho Shin, Jae Yong Song, Wenfeng Wang, Rudy Schlaf, Kyung Joong Kim, Yeonjin Yi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

25 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We investigated the interface formation between a ZnO nanorod array and active layers of [6,6]-phenyl-C61-butyric acid methyl ester (PCBM) and poly[3-hexylthiophene] (P3HT) in organic solar cells (OSC). We measured the interfacial electronic structures with in situ photoemission spectroscopy combined with an electrospray deposition system. Different interfacial electronic structures were observed on the ZnO nanorod array, which were compared to those of a two-dimensional ZnO film. Comparing the interfacial orbital line-ups of the active layers on the nanorod array and the film, PCBM shows Fermi level pinning behavior, but P3HT does not. These induce nearly identical orbital line-ups at the interfaces of PCBM/film and PCBM/nanorod but different line-ups at the interfaces of P3HT/film and P3HT/nanorod. These differences are understood with the integer charge transfer model with the different thresholds of Fermi level pinning of PCBM and P3HT. These results give insight into the design not only of OSCs but also of any organic electronic devices with nanostructures: changes in electronic structure due to the nanostructure formation should be considered thoroughly.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)26342-26348
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Physical Chemistry C
Volume116
Issue number50
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Dec 20

Fingerprint

Butyric acid
Butyric Acid
butyric acid
Nanorods
nanorods
esters
Esters
Polymers
solar cells
polymers
Electronic structure
electronic structure
Fermi level
Nanostructures
orbitals
Photoelectron spectroscopy
integers
Charge transfer
photoelectric emission
charge transfer

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Energy(all)
  • Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
  • Surfaces, Coatings and Films

Cite this

Lee, Jung Han ; Shin, Jeong Ho ; Song, Jae Yong ; Wang, Wenfeng ; Schlaf, Rudy ; Kim, Kyung Joong ; Yi, Yeonjin. / Interface formation between ZnO nanorod arrays and polymers (PCBM and P3HT) for organic solar cells. In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C. 2012 ; Vol. 116, No. 50. pp. 26342-26348.
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Interface formation between ZnO nanorod arrays and polymers (PCBM and P3HT) for organic solar cells. / Lee, Jung Han; Shin, Jeong Ho; Song, Jae Yong; Wang, Wenfeng; Schlaf, Rudy; Kim, Kyung Joong; Yi, Yeonjin.

In: Journal of Physical Chemistry C, Vol. 116, No. 50, 20.12.2012, p. 26342-26348.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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