We analyze the interface-interface interactions of a surfactant-covered double emulsion using the lattice Boltzmann method and study the interaction of the inner and outer interfaces and the local surfactant distribution under a uniaxial extensional flow. First, the capillary effects are analyzed. Upon surfactant application, the outer droplet deformation increases and the inner droplet deformation decreases. The concentrated surfactants on the outer interface increase deformation, and the inner droplet is affected by the inner flow. At a fixed Péclet number (Pe), the surfactant concentration at the outer interface increases with an increase in capillary number (Ca); however, such a tendency is difficult to identify at the inner interface. Next, the Pe effects are analyzed. With an increase in Pe, the deformation of the inner droplet decreases significantly. The local distribution of the surfactant considerably affects the double emulsion stabilization, which is analyzed in terms of internal flow. The interfacial tension gradient induced by the surfactant generates vortices internally, which is verified by applying the surfactant to each interface independently. The radius ratio affects droplet deformation and surfactant transport. The compression of the inner flow region increases the viscous force and decreases the interface velocity. Therefore, with an increase in radius ratio, the deformation increases, and the surfactant transport becomes slow.
|Journal||Physical Review E|
|Publication status||Published - 2020 Nov 6|
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This work was supported by the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) grant funded by the Korean Government (MSIP) (Grant No. 2015R1A5A1037668).
© 2020 American Physical Society.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Statistical and Nonlinear Physics
- Statistics and Probability
- Condensed Matter Physics