The characteristics of interfacial reactions and the valence band offset of HfO2 films grown on GaAs by atomic layer deposition were investigated by combining high-resolution x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy and high-resolution electron transmission microscopy. The interfacial characteristics are significantly dependent on the surface state of the GaAs substrate. Polycrystalline HfO2 film on a clean GaAs surface was changed to a well-ordered crystalline film as the annealing temperature increased, and a clean interface with no interfacial layer formed at temperatures above 600 °C. The valence band offset of the film grown on the oxidized GaAs surface gradually increased with the stoichiometric change in the interfacial layer.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Physics and Astronomy (miscellaneous)