Many bacterial species are known to thrive within plants. Among these bacteria, a group referred to as endophytes provide beneficial effects to the host plants by the promotion of plant growth and the suppression of plant pathogens. Among 44 putative endophytic isolates isolated from surface-sterilized rice roots, Burkholderia sp. KJ006 was selected for further study because of a lack of pathogenicity to rice, a broad spectrum of antifungal properties, and the presence of the nifH gene, which is an indicator for nitrogen fixation. In an attempt to control Burkholderia glumae, a casual pathogen of seedling rot and grain rot of rice, an N-acyl-homoserine lactonase (aiiA) gene from Bacillus thuringiensis was introduced into Burkholderia sp. KJ006 given that the major virulence factor of Burkholderia glumae is controlled in a population-dependent manner (quorum sensing). The engineered strain KJ006 (pKPE-aiiA) inhibited production of quorum-sensing signals by Burkholderia glumae in vitro and reduced the disease incidence of rice seedling rot caused by Burkholderia glumae in situ. Our results indicate the possibility that a bacterial endophyte transformed with the aiiA gene can be used as a novel biological control agent against pathogenic Burkholderia glumae that are known to occupy the same ecological niche.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology