LSCF powders with a specific surface area of 25.2 m2 g-1 and an average particle size of 89 nm are synthesized by the polymerizable complex method. The use of nanocrystalline LSCF powders allows the fabrication of an interlayer-free nanoporous cathode on top of an ScSZ electrolyte at a low temperature at which non-electrocatalytic secondary phases cannot form. The electrochemical performance of the interlayer-free cathode depends largely on the sintering temperature. A cathode sintered at below 750 °C lacks sufficient mechanical adhesion to the electrolyte, while the electrode surfaces are locally densified when sintered at above 800 °C. Impedance spectroscopy combined with microstructural evidence reveals that the optimum sintering temperature for LSCF is 750 °C. This avoids excess densification and grain growth, and results in the lowest polarization resistance (0.048 Ω cm2 at 750 °C).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Renewable Energy, Sustainability and the Environment
- Energy Engineering and Power Technology
- Physical and Theoretical Chemistry
- Electrical and Electronic Engineering