Mucin hypersecretion is commonly observed in many inflammatory diseases of the respiratory tract. MUC5AC is generally recognized to be a major airway mucin because MUC5AC is highly expressed in the goblet cells of human airway epithelium. Moreover, it is regulated by various inflammatory cytokines. However, the mechanisms by which the interleukin (IL)-1β and tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-α induce MUC5AC gene expression in normal nasal epithelial cells, and the signal molecules involved, especially in the downstream signaling of mitogen-activated protein (MAP) kinases, remain unclear. Here we show that pharmacologic or genetic inhibition of either ERK or p38 MAP kinase pathway abolished IL-1β- and TNF-α-induced MUC5AC gene expression in normal human nasal epithelial cells. Our results also indicate that the activation of mitogen- and stress-activated protein kinase 1 (MSK1) and cAMP-response element-binding protein and cAMP-response element signaling cascades via ERK and p38 MAP kinases are crucial aspects of the intracellular mechanisms that mediate MUC5AC gene expression. Taken together, these studies give additional insights into the molecular mechanism of IL-1β- and TNF-α-induced MUC5AC gene expression and enhance our understanding on mucin hypersecretion during inflammation.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology