Background: Periodontitis is an infectious disease that manifests as alveolar bone loss surrounding the roots of teeth. Diabetes aggravates periodontitis-induced alveolar bone loss via suppression of bone formation. Intermittent parathyroid hormone (PTH) administration displays an anabolic effect on bone. In this study, we investigated the effect of intermittent PTH administration on alveolar bone loss in type 1 diabetic rats with periodontitis. Methods: Rats were divided into control (C), periodontitis (P), periodontitis treated with PTH (P + PTH), diabetes with periodontitis (DP), and diabetes with periodontitis treated with PTH (DP + PTH) groups. To induce type 1 diabetes, rats were injected with streptozotocin and periodontitis was induced bilaterally by applying ligatures to the mandibular first molars for 30 days. During the experimental period, the P + PTH and DP + PTH groups were subcutaneously injected with PTH (40 μg/kg) three times per week, whereas the C, P, and DP groups were injected with citrate buffer. To observe the mineralization of the alveolar bone, the DP and DP + PTH groups were injected with calcein on days 10 and 27, and with alizarin red on day 20. Thirty days after ligation, histological findings and fluorescence labeling were analyzed in the furcations of the mandibular first molars. Sclerostin-positive osteocytes were assessed by immunohistochemical analyses. Results: The DP groups had smaller areas of alveolar bone than the other groups, and the DP + PTH group had a larger alveolar bone area than the DP group. The DP group had less osteoid formation than the C group, whereas the DP + PTH had greater osteoid formation than the DP group. Fluorescence labeling results revealed that the DP + PTH group had more mineral deposition on the alveolar bone than the DP group. The DP + PTH group exhibited lower percentage of sclerostin-positive osteocytes in alveolar bone than the DP group. Conclusions: Intermittent PTH administration diminishes alveolar bone loss and sclerostin expression in osteocytes, but increases osteoid formation and mineralization, suggesting that intermittent PTH administration attenuates diabetes-aggravated alveolar bone loss by the induction of bone formation. PTH-induced bone formation may be related to the regulation of osteocytic sclerostin expression in type 1 diabetic rats with periodontitis.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
This research was supported by Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) funded by the Ministry of Sci‑ ence, ICT and Future Planning (NRF‑2014R1A2A1A11049412). This study was supported by the Yonsei University College of Dentistry Fund (6‑2016‑0015).
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)