Intermolecular association between caspase-mediated cleavage fragments of phospholipase D1 protects against apoptosis

Young Hoon Jang, Do Sik Min

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Phospholipase D plays an anti-apoptotic role but little is known about dynamics of phospholipase D turnover during apoptosis. We have recently identified phospholipase D1 as a new substrate of caspases which generates the N-terminal and C-terminal fragment of phospholipase D1. In the present study, we tried to investigate whether association of the caspase cleavage fragments may be involved in regulation of apoptosis. Ectopically expressed C-terminal fragment, but not N-terminal fragment of phospholipase D1, is exclusively imported into the nucleus via a nuclear localization sequence; however, endogenous C-terminal fragment of phospholipase D1 from etoposide-induced apoptotic cells and Alzheimer's disease brain tissues with active caspase-3, was localized in the cytosolic fraction as well as the nuclear fraction. Intermolecular association between the two fragments of phospholipase D1 through hydrophobic residues within the catalytic motif inhibited nuclear localization of C-terminal fragment of phospholipase D1, and two catalytic motif and nuclear localization sequence regulated nuclocytoplasmic shuttling of phospholipase D1. Moreover, hydrophobic residues involved in the intermolecular association are also required for both its enzymatic activity and anti-apoptotic function. Taken together, we demonstrate that interdomain association and dissociation of phospholipase D1 might provide new insights into modulation of apoptosis.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)358-365
Number of pages8
JournalInternational Journal of Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Volume44
Issue number2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012 Feb 1

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Caspases
Association reactions
Apoptosis
Phospholipase D
phospholipase D1
Etoposide
Caspase 3
Brain
Alzheimer Disease
Cells
Modulation
Tissue
Substrates

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

Cite this

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abstract = "Phospholipase D plays an anti-apoptotic role but little is known about dynamics of phospholipase D turnover during apoptosis. We have recently identified phospholipase D1 as a new substrate of caspases which generates the N-terminal and C-terminal fragment of phospholipase D1. In the present study, we tried to investigate whether association of the caspase cleavage fragments may be involved in regulation of apoptosis. Ectopically expressed C-terminal fragment, but not N-terminal fragment of phospholipase D1, is exclusively imported into the nucleus via a nuclear localization sequence; however, endogenous C-terminal fragment of phospholipase D1 from etoposide-induced apoptotic cells and Alzheimer's disease brain tissues with active caspase-3, was localized in the cytosolic fraction as well as the nuclear fraction. Intermolecular association between the two fragments of phospholipase D1 through hydrophobic residues within the catalytic motif inhibited nuclear localization of C-terminal fragment of phospholipase D1, and two catalytic motif and nuclear localization sequence regulated nuclocytoplasmic shuttling of phospholipase D1. Moreover, hydrophobic residues involved in the intermolecular association are also required for both its enzymatic activity and anti-apoptotic function. Taken together, we demonstrate that interdomain association and dissociation of phospholipase D1 might provide new insights into modulation of apoptosis.",
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