Interventions for reducing adolescent alcohol abuse: A meta-analytic review

Stephen J. Tripodi, Kimberly Bender, Christy Litschge, Michael G. Vaughn

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

89 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Objective: To assess the effectiveness of substance abuse interventions for their ability to reduce adolescent alcohol use. Data Sources: MEDLINE; PsycINFO; ERIC; Wilson Social Science Abstracts; Criminal Justice Abstracts; Social Work Abstracts; Social Science Citation Index; Dissertations Abstracts International; National Criminal Justice Research Service; Social, Psychological, Criminological, Educational Trials Register; and the PsiTri databases from 1960 through 2008. Study Selection: Of 64 titles and abstracts identified, 16 studies and 26 outcomes constituted the sample. The researchers calculated Hedges g effect sizes and used a random-effects model to calculate adjusted pooled effect sizes. Heterogeneity was explored using stratified analyses. Main Exposure: Completion of a substance abuse intervention that aimed to reduce or eliminate alcohol consumption. Main Outcome Measures: Abstinence, frequency of alcohol use, and quantity of alcohol use measured between 1 month and 1 year upon completion of treatment. Results: Pooled effects of standardized mean differences indicate that interventions significantly reduce adolescent alcohol use (Hedges g= -0.61; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.83 to -0.40). Stratified analyses revealed larger effects for individual treatment (Hedges g= -0.75; 95% CI, -1.05 to -0.40) compared with family-based treatments (Hedges g= -0.46; 95% CI, -0.66 to -0.26). Conclusions: Treatments for adolescent substance abuse appear to be effective in reducing alcohol use. Individualonly interventions had larger effect sizes than familybased interventions and effect sizes decreased as length of follow-up increased. Furthermore, behavior-oriented treatments demonstrated promise in attaining longterm effects.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)85-91
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Volume164
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2010 Jan 1

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Alcoholism
Substance-Related Disorders
Criminal Law
Social Sciences
Confidence Intervals
Alcohols
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Alcohol Abstinence
Therapeutics
Aptitude
Information Storage and Retrieval
Social Work
MEDLINE
Alcohol Drinking
Research Personnel
Databases
Psychology
Research
Underage Drinking

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health

Cite this

Tripodi, Stephen J. ; Bender, Kimberly ; Litschge, Christy ; Vaughn, Michael G. / Interventions for reducing adolescent alcohol abuse : A meta-analytic review. In: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine. 2010 ; Vol. 164, No. 1. pp. 85-91.
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Interventions for reducing adolescent alcohol abuse : A meta-analytic review. / Tripodi, Stephen J.; Bender, Kimberly; Litschge, Christy; Vaughn, Michael G.

In: Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, Vol. 164, No. 1, 01.01.2010, p. 85-91.

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

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