This study examined whether physical intimate partner violence (IPV) victimization was associated with diurnal patterns of salivary cortisol in a community sample of 122 couples in their 30s from predominantly lower socioeconomic status backgrounds. Findings indicate that women with higher levels of victimization exhibited flatter patterns of diurnal cortisol characterized by both higher midday levels and more attenuated decreases in cortisol levels across the day, compared to women with lower levels of victimization. However, men's victimization was not associated with their diurnal cortisol levels. This study advances our understanding of the association between physical IPV victimization and dysregulated hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis functioning in women, which is likely to have further implications for their subsequent mental and physical health.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
Funding for this study was provided by awards from the National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. PHS Award Number R01 DA 015485 from the National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA); 1R01AA018669 from the National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (NIAAA); HD 46364 from the National Institute of Child Health and Development (NICHD); and P50DA035763 from the Division of Epidemiology, Services and Prevention Research , NIDA. The content is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the NIH, NIDA, NIAAA, or NICHD. NIH, NIDA, NIAAA, or NICHD had no further role in study design; in the collection, analysis, and interpretation of data; in the writing of the report; or in the decision to submit the paper for publication.
All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Endocrine and Autonomic Systems
- Psychiatry and Mental health
- Biological Psychiatry