Intra-articular Injections of Hyaluronic Acid on Osteochondral Lesions of the Talus After Failed Arthroscopic Bone Marrow Stimulation

Yeok Gu Hwang, Jin Woo Lee, Kwang Hwan Park, Chang Hsienhao, Seung Hwan Han

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3 Citations (Scopus)


Background: The purpose of the study was to compare clinical and functional outcomes before and after hyaluronic acid (HA) injections in patients with osteochondral lesions of the talus who experienced a failure of their primary treatment with arthroscopic microfracture surgery. Methods: A total of 40 patients were included in the final study. These patients had received microfracture surgery but continued to experience postoperative pain over an average of 13.0 months (range, 0-81 months) and were available for investigation with a mean follow-up for 29.1 months (SD 14.7; range 2.6-79.6 months). All patients received intra-articular injections of HA once per week for 3 weeks. We assessed clinical and functional outcomes before and after injection using the American Orthopaedic Foot & Ankle Society (AOFAS) score, Foot and Ankle Outcome Score (FAOS), Short Form Health Survey (SF-36), the visual analog scale (VAS) for pain, and the Alexander subjective scale. Results: The AOFAS score significantly increased from 50.7 ± 13.8 to 79.9 ± 13.8 and the FAOS scores for symptom, pain, daily living, and sports were significantly higher postinjection compared to preinjection (all P <.001). Similarly, the mean VAS for pain was significantly decreased after 6 weeks following injection and continued to decrease over the follow-up period; the mean VAS was significantly lower postinjection compared to preinjection at 12 months (P <.001). Conclusion: Intra-articular HA injections on average significantly improved clinical and functional scores after failed primary operative treatment. HA injections may provide an alternative to secondary operative treatment and provide better clinical outcomes than other conservative treatments. Level of Evidence: Level II, prospective observational cohort study.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1376-1382
Number of pages7
JournalFoot and Ankle International
Issue number11
Publication statusPublished - 2020 Nov

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2020.

All Science Journal Classification (ASJC) codes

  • Surgery
  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine


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